Kisah 22


Acts 22:1

“Brethren and fathers, hear my defense which I now offer to you.”

Brethren and fathers. Although the Jews hounded Paul from city to city, he did not view them as criminals but kin. He thought his countrymen were misguided for scorning grace, but rather than condemn them he wanted to trade places with them so that they might be saved (Rom. 9:2–4).

When the Romans marched on Jerusalem in AD70, Josephus infamously abandoned his tribe and joined the enemy. In contrast, Paul wished he could be accursed so the Jews could be saved. Josephus had a racist theology that viewed the Jews as uniquely deserving of divine punishment, while Paul had a grace-based theology that saw the Jews in desperate need of salvation. Josephus said the Jews had it coming, but Paul said the Jews were never beyond hope (see Rom. 11:1, 11). Paul understood that God’s heart is always for reconciliation, not judgment.


Kisah Para Rasul 22:3

“Aku seorang Yahudi, lahir di Tarsus di Kilikia, tetapi dibesarkan di kota ini, dididik di bawah pemerintahan Gamaliel, dengan teguh menurut hukum nenek moyang kita, dan bersungguh-sungguh untuk Allah seperti kamu semua pada hari ini.

Undang-undang nenek moyang kita is the Law of Moses, the commandments, ordinances, punishments, and ceremonial observances given to the nation of Israel through Moses (Jos. 8:31, John 1:17, 7:19). This law is sometimes referred to as the law of commandments (Eph. 2:15) or the law of the Jews (Acts 25:8). See kemasukan untuk Undang-undang.


Kisah Para Rasul 22:4

“Aku menganiaya Jalan ini sampai mati, mengikat dan memasukkan baik laki-laki maupun perempuan ke dalam penjara,

(a) Sampai mati. Saul menangkap orang Kristian dengan menjangkakan bahawa mereka akan dibunuh seperti Stefanus.

(b) Lelaki dan wanita; lihat kemasukan for Acts 8:3.

(c) Penjara; lihat kemasukan for Acts 8:3.


Kisah Para Rasul 22:6

“Tetapi kebetulan ketika aku dalam perjalanan, mendekati Damsyik kira-kira tengah hari, tiba-tiba cahaya yang sangat terang memancar dari langit mengelilingi aku,

(a) Damsyik. The Damascus Road conversion of Saul is one of the most dramatic scenes in the Bible, and the story is told no less than three times (Acts 9:3-6, 22:6-11, 26:13-18).

(b) Cahaya yang sangat terang. Cahaya ini lebih terang daripada matahari. Lihat kemasukan for Acts 26:13.


Kisah Para Rasul 22:7

dan aku rebah ke tanah dan mendengar suara yang berkata kepadaku: Saulus, Saulus, mengapakah engkau menganiaya Aku?

Suara. The Lord spoke to Saul in his native language, that is Hebrew (Acts 26:14).


Acts 22:8

“And I answered, ‘Who are You, Lord?’ And He said to me, ‘I am Jesus the Nazarene, whom you are persecuting.’

Jesus the Nazarene. A Nazarene was someone from Nazareth, a Galilean town of little consequence. In Judea, Jesus was known as a Nazarene in fulfilment of prophecy (see kemasukan for Matt. 2:23).


Kisah Para Rasul 22:14

“Dan dia berkata, 'Allah nenek moyang kita telah menetapkan kamu untuk mengetahui kehendak-Nya dan untuk melihat Yang Benar dan mendengar perkataan dari mulut-Nya.

Yang Adil. Jesus Christ is the Righteous One and the Righteous Branch spoken of by the prophets (Is. 24:16, 53:11, Jer. 23:5, 33:15). Just as Jesus is the Word made flesh, the living Truth, and the personification of the Father’s grace (John 1:14, 14:6), he is the embodiment of God’s righteousness.


Kisah Para Rasul 22:16

'Sekarang kenapa awak berlengah-lengah? Bangunlah dan berilah dirimu dibaptis, dan hapuskanlah dosamu dengan berseru kepada nama-Nya.'

(a) Dibaptiskan. Many new believers were water baptized in the New Testament (Acts 2:41, 10:47), and many new Christians continue to be water baptized today. They do it because Jesus did it and because water baptism is a public demonstration of faith in God.

(b) Basuh dosamu. Paul is quoting Ananias (Acts 22:12) who seems to be quoting John the Baptist (Mark 1:4). However, our sins are not washed away through water baptism. Paul never preached this and he made a point of baptizing few people (1 Cor. 1:17). We are cleansed from all sin and unrighteousness by the blood of the Lamb (1 John 1:9).

Water baptism acknowledges the baptism into the body of Christ that is done by the Holy Spirit (1 Cor. 12:12–13, Gal. 3:27). Through water baptism we identify with Christ’s sacrificial death. We are saying, “Thank you Jesus for dealing with my sin once and for all at the cross.” See kemasukan untuk Pembaptisan.

(c) Menyeru namaNya. We receive forgiveness and salvation by calling on the name of the Lord in faith (Rom. 10:13).


Acts 22:30

But on the next day, wishing to know for certain why he had been accused by the Jews, he released him and ordered the chief priests and all the Council to assemble, and brought Paul down and set him before them.

Accused by the Jews. Accusations against you will typically come from three sources: (1) the Accuser, a.k.a. Satan (see kemasukan for Rev. 12:10), (2) law-lovers who are opposed to grace (see kemasukan for Matt. 12:10), and (3) a conscience that is mindful of the law (Rom. 2:15). What these three things have in common is an affinity for using the law as a weapon of condemnation.


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