net soos hulle aan ons oorgelewer is deur die wat van die begin af ooggetuies en dienaars van die woord was,
(a) Dienaars van die woord. Soos die apostels wat hulleself voorgestel het as dienaars van Jesus Christus (sien inskrywing for Rom 1:1), Luke saw himself as a servant of the word. This has led to confusion among some believers. Am I a son or servant of God?
Jesus, the Son of God, took the form of a bondservant (Php. 2:7). He was not confused about his identity, but he was servant-hearted (Mark 10:45). Jesus is the Son who serves.
Similarly, when the apostles identify themselves as servants of Christ or servants of the word, they are saying, “We are the sons of God who serve in the manner in which Christ served,” meaning they served others (2 Cor. 4:5). They did not serve to curry favor with God, but to reveal the Servant-king to people. “For though I am free from all men, I have made myself a servant to all, so that I may win more” (1 Cor. 9:19).
Dit is dieselfde met ons. Alhoewel ons vry is in Christus, kies ons om in die naam van Christus te dien sodat die weeskinders en slawe van hierdie wêreld hulle Vader kan leer ken wat hulle liefhet. Soos Christus is ons die seuns wat dien.
Verdere leeswerk: "Seun, dienskneg of vriend van God?”
(b) Die woord of God is revealed in the word of the kingdom (Matt. 13:19) or the word of the Christ (Rom. 10:17). It is revealed in the gospel of Jesus (Mark 1:1) and the gospel of grace (Acts 20:24). See inskrywing vir Woord van God.
dit het vir my ook gepas gelyk, nadat ek alles van die begin af noukeurig ondersoek het, om dit in opeenvolgende volgorde vir jou uit te skryf, uitnemende Theophilus;
Het alles noukeurig ondersoek. Luke said he had a perfect understanding of what he wrote about (see Luke 1:3, KJV). A true Bible teacher has a good and full understanding of what he teaches, while a false teacher does not really understand what they are talking about (see 1 Tim. 1:6-7).
In die dae van Herodes, koning van Judéa, was daar 'n priester met die naam van Sagaria, uit die afdeling van Abía; en hy het 'n vrou gehad uit die dogters van Aäron, en haar naam was Elisabet.
Herodes, koning van Judea. Herodes was Herodes die Grote (37–4vC) was die goewerneur van Galilea voordat die Romeine hom as koning van Judea aangestel het. Hy was een van die mees genadelose en ambisieuse politici in die Bybel. Sien inskrywing for Matt. 2:1.
Hulle was albei regverdig in die oë van God, en het onberispelik gewandel in al die gebooie en vereistes van die Here.
(a) Regverdig in die oë van God. Before the cross, no one could be made righteous. The gift of righteousness had not been given and the “one act of righteousness” had not be done (Rom. 5:18). This is why Old Testament saints such as Abraham were credited with righteousness on account of their faith in God (see inskrywing for Rom. 4:3).
(b) Om onberispelik te wandel in al die gebooie en vereistes van die Here. Zacharias and Elizabeth were model Jews who kept the law, but did this make them righteous before God? Although the Bible speaks of the righteousness found in the law (Rom. 10:4-5, Php. 3:6, 9), no one was ever justified by keeping the law (Gal. 3:11). To say that they were righteous because they kept the law is like saying Christ died for nothing (Gal. 2:21).
Zacharias and Elizabeth were counted righteous for the same reason that other pre-cross believers were counted righteous – on account of their faith in God. Although Zacharias was not as quick to believe the good news announced by the angel (Luke 1:18), the God who sees the end of all things knew that he would come right.
“For he will be great in the sight of the Lord; and he will drink no wine or liquor, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit while yet in his mother’s womb.
His mother’s womb. This scripture demolishes Augustine’s doctrine of original sin. Original sin says John was a sinner in his mother’s womb, but the Bible says he was filled with the Holy Spirit.
Verdere leeswerk: "Original sin is unbiblical”
Die engel antwoord en sê vir hom: Ek is Gabriël, wat voor God staan, en ek is gestuur om met jou te praat en om jou hierdie goeie nuus te bring.
Ek is gestuur om met jou te praat. The word of God or the word of the Lord can be conveyed via prophecies (2 Sam. 24:11, 1 Kgs. 14:18), dreams (Num. 12:6), visions (Gen. 15:1), the Law (Num. 36:5, Deu. 5:5, Is. 2:3), and angels (Luke 1:35). However, the primary way God reveals himself is through his Son. Jesus is the Word of God made flesh (John 1:14, Rev. 19:13).
to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the descendants of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.
Mary the mother of Jesus is one of six women named Mary in the New Testament. The others are Mary Magdalene (see inskrywing for Luke 8:2), Mary of Bethany (see inskrywing for Luke 10:39), Mary the mother of James and Joseph who was probably also the wife of Clopas (see inskrywing for Matt. 27:56), Mary the mother of John Mark (Acts 12:12), and Mary of Rome (Rom. 16:6).
“Hy sal groot wees en die Seun van die Allerhoogste genoem word; en die Here God sal Hom die troon van sy vader Dawid gee;
Die troon. The angel Gabriel was the first New Testament figure to recognize Jesus as a king, and the magi were a close second (Matt. 2:2). Others who recognized Jesus as a king included the disciples (Luke 19:38), the palm-waving people of Jerusalem (John 12:13), Paul and Silas (Acts 17:7), and the seventh angel (Rev. 11:15).
During his earthly ministry, Jesus rarely referred to himself in such royal terms (Matt. 21:5, 25:34, Mark 15:2, Luke 22:29-30, 23:3, John 18:36-37).
Maria sê vir die engel: Hoe kan dit wees, aangesien ek 'n maagd is?
Maagd. One of the central tenets of the Christian faith is the virgin birth. Jesus had no earthly father but was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born from the virgin Mary (Is. 7:14, Matt. 1:23). What is the significance of the virgin birth?
Die tradisionele verduideliking is dat 'n maagdelike geboorte beteken het dat Jesus nie met Adam se sonde bevlek was nie. Aangesien hy nie 'n natuurlike vader gehad het nie, het Jesus nie Adam se sondige natuur geërf nie. Dit is 'n dikwels-herhaalde verduideliking, maar een wat nie in die Skrif gevind word nie. Die ware betekenis van die maagdelike geboorte is dat Jesus nie 'n slaaf gebore is nie en slegs 'n vry man kan 'n slaaf loskoop.
Sien inskrywing vir maagdelike geboorte.
Die engel antwoord en sê vir haar: Die Heilige Gees sal oor jou kom, en die krag van die Allerhoogste sal jou oorskadu; en daarom sal die heilige Kind Seun van God genoem word.
(a) Die Heilige Gees sal oor jou kom. Mary was 'n surrogaatma, nie 'n biologiese ma nie.
Jesus is the eternal God, the Creator of all including Mary (John 1:1, Col 1:15–16). Just as Joseph contributed no DNA to Jesus, neither did Mary. She provided a womb, but no egg. The Holy Spirit overshadowed her and the result was a baby from heaven.
(b) Die heilige Kind. One day, Mary was not pregnant; the next, “she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit” (Matt. 1:18, ESV). There is much mystery in this. How did the miracle of the Virgin Birth take place? We don’t know the how, but we know the Who. How did the Word become flesh? The Holy Spirit is the answer. “You have made him a little lower than God” (Ps. 8:5).
For most of us, life begins in the womb, but Jesus had no beginning. The Word who became flesh was with God when creation began (John 1:1). Jesus did not need a sperm donor or an egg donor. He needed a body, and that’s what the Holy Spirit provided. See inskrywing for Heb. 10:5.
And Mary said: “My soul exalts the Lord, And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior.
(a) Soul. Your soul is that part of you that contains your personality, memories, and intentions. Metaphorically, it is your heart and mind. The Greek word for soul, psuche, is related to the word psychology, which has to do with the mind. We might say the soul resides in your mind – or perhaps your mind resides in your soul – and it is that part of you that thinks, feels, and remembers.
(b) Spirit. Your spirit is that part of you that makes you spiritually aware or God-conscious. For want of a better analogy, your spirit is like an antenna. Just as our physical bodies connect us to the physical realm, our spirits connect us to the spiritual realm. Just as we have natural senses (sight, smell, hearing, etc.), we have spiritual senses (e.g., intuition).
It is sometimes said that we relate to people with our souls, while we relate to God with our spirits. It is certainly true that we worship him in spirit (John 4:24), we rejoice in the spirit (Luke 1:47), we pray in the spirit (1 Cor. 14:15, Eph. 6:18), and in all these things we are greatly aided by the Holy Spirit (see Rom. 8:26–27). But that does not mean that our souls and bodies are left out of the picture. God is interested in all of you, not just part of you. David sang, “Bless the Lord, O my soul, And all that is within me, bless his holy name. Bless the Lord, O my soul…” (Ps. 103:1–2). Mary is saying something similar here.
When David sang, “Bless the Lord, O my soul,” he was saying we can magnify the Lord with our minds and emotions. David adds, “and all that is within me, bless his holy name.” We can praise the Lord with our lips (Ps. 51:15, Heb. 13:15), hands (Ps. 63:3, 134:2), and feet (Ps. 30:11, 149:3). Worship is fundamentally spiritual, but we can worship the Lord with every part of our being, body, soul and spirit (Deu. 11:13, Jos. 22:5, Ps. 35:9, Is. 61:10).
Further reading, “Spirit and soul”
“Want die Magtige het groot dinge aan my gedoen;
En heilig is Sy Naam.
(a) Heilig is Sy Naam. God is die definisie van heilig.
As ons wil weet wat heiligheid beteken, moet ons na God kyk wat heilig is en wie se naam heilig is. Om te sê God is heilig is om te verwys na die heelheid, volheid, skoonheid en oorvloedige lewe wat binne die Godheid oorloop. God kom niks kort nie. Hy is ongebroke, onbeskadig, ongevalle, heeltemal volledig en geheel in homself. Hy is die ondeelbare Een, geheel en al selfversorgend, en die prentjie van volmaaktheid.
When the angels sing “Holy is the Lord,” they are not admiring God for his rule-keeping or sin avoidance; they are marveling at the transcendent totality of his perfection (Is. 6:3). To worship God in the beauty of his holiness is to be awestruck by the infinite sweep and scale of his sublimity. It is to become lost in the limitless landscape of his loveliness.
God the Father is Holy (Luke 1:49, John 17:11, Rev. 4:8) and so are God the Son (Mark 1:24, Acts 2:27, 3:14, 4:27, 30) and God the Holy Spirit (Rom. 1:4).
Sien inskrywing vir Heiligheid.
“HY HET DIE HONGERIGES GEVUL MET GOEIE DINGE;
En die rykes met leë hande weggestuur.
Goeie dinge is 'n verwysing na Jesus self; sien inskrywing for Heb. 10:1.
“Hy het sy dienaar Israel gehelp,
Ter herinnering aan Sy barmhartigheid,
(a) Hy het hulp gegee. Life is too big for any of us to handle, but the good news is that God is our very great Helper (Deu. 33:26, John 14:16). “Because you are my help, I sing in the shadow of your wings” (Ps. 63:7).
Verdere leeswerk: "Wie is jou Helper?”
(b) Sy genade. To a nation burdened with the heavy yoke of law, the cry for mercy was never far away. The law makes us acutely aware of our shortcomings and needs. Mercy is God’s help in our time of need (Heb. 4:16).
Her neighbors and her relatives heard that the Lord had displayed His great mercy toward her; and they were rejoicing with her.
(a) Great mercy. Just as God has great grace (see inskrywing for Jas. 4:6), he has great mercy (1 Pet. 1:3). God is both rich in grace (Eph. 1:7, 2:7), and mercy (Eph. 2:4). His great mercy testifies to his great love for us (Eph. 2:4).
(b) Genade is showing compassion towards those in need. See inskrywing vir Genade.
And has raised up a horn of salvation for us
In the house of David His servant—
Salvation. The original word means deliverance or rescue. Jesus is the great Deliverer who rescues us from our enemies (Luke 1:71). See inskrywing vir Verlossing.
Salvation FROM OUR ENEMIES,
And FROM THE HAND OF ALL WHO HATE US;
Salvation from our enemies. Our enemies include sin and the evils of the present age (Gal. 1:4). But our greatest enemy is death (1 Cor. 15:26). Jesus is the Savior who rescues our souls from death (Ps. 33:19, 116:8).
To give to His people the knowledge of salvation
By the forgiveness of their sins,
(a) Knowledge of salvation comes when we know the Savior who sets us free from sin. As the angel said, Jesus “will save his people from their sins” (Matt.1:21). We are saved and set free when we realize our sins have been completely and eternally forgiven in accordance with the riches of his grace (Eph. 1:7).
(b) Vergifnis. Die oorspronklike woord (afese) vir vergifnis is 'n selfstandige naamwoord wat soms as vergifnis vertaal word en beteken 'n laat gaan of ontslag (sien inskrywing for Luke 24:47).
On the night he rose from the dead, Jesus told the disciples to preach the remission of sins or the good news of unconditional forgiveness (Luke 24:47). Because of his great love, God chooses to remember your sins no more (Heb. 8:12, 10:17), and he is no longer holding your sins and trespasses against you (2 Cor. 5:19). However, you will never experience his forgiveness unless you receive it by faith. Only in Christ do we have the forgiveness of sins (Eph. 1:7, Col. 1:14).
Verlossing verskyn dikwels vir ons as die vergifnis van sondes, maar verlossing is veel meer as vergifnis. Die woord wat algemeen as behalwe in die Bybel vertaal word (sozo), means to deliver, protect, heal, preserve, and make whole. It covers not only salvation, but healing, deliverance, and prosperity. God does not merely forgive us of our sins; he provides everything we need for health and wholeness today (Eph. 1:3, 2 Pet. 1:3). See inskrywing vir Verlossing.
Vanweë die tere barmhartigheid van onse God,
Waarmee die Sonsopkoms van bo ons sal besoek,
Tedere genade. Mercy is one facet of God’s grace (Heb. 4:16). Mercy is how grace appears to the needy.
Just as we are saved by grace (Eph. 2:5), we are saved by mercy (Tit. 3:5). Just as we are forgiven by grace (Eph. 1:7), we are forgiven by mercy (Matt. 18:33, Luke 1:77, Heb. 8:12). See inskrywing vir Genade.
TO SHINE UPON THOSE WHO SIT IN DARKNESS AND THE SHADOW OF DEATH,
To guide our feet into the way of peace.”
The way of peace. When we proclaim the gospel of peace (Eph. 6:15) we are revealing the way of peace (Is. 59:8) which leads us to the God of peace (Rom. 15:33) who gives us life and peace (Rom. 8:6).
Die Grace Commentary is 'n werk aan die gang met nuwe inhoud wat gereeld bygevoeg word. Teken in vir af en toe opdaterings hieronder. Het jy 'n voorstel? Gebruik asseblief dieTerugvoerbladsy. Om tikfoute of gebroke skakels op hierdie bladsy aan te meld, gebruik asseblief die kommentaarvorm hieronder.
- Lukas 1:2
- Lukas 1:3
- Lukas 1:5
- Lukas 1:6
- Luke 1:15
- Lukas 1:19
- Luke 1:27
- Lukas 1:32
- Lukas 1:34
- Lukas 1:35
- Luke 1:46-47
- Lukas 1:49
- Lukas 1:53
- Lukas 1:54
- Lukas 1:58
- Lukas 1:69
- Lukas 1:71
- Lukas 1:77
- Lukas 1:78
- Luke 1:79