Lucas 1


Lucas 1:2

assim como nos foram transmitidos por aqueles que desde o princípio foram testemunhas oculares e servos da palavra,

(uma) Servos da palavra. Como os apóstolos que se apresentaram como servos de Jesus Cristo (ver entrada for Rom 1:1), Luke saw himself as a servant of the word. This has led to confusion among some believers. Am I a son or servant of God?

Jesus, the Son of God, took the form of a bondservant (Php. 2:7). He was not confused about his identity, but he was servant-hearted (Mark 10:45). Jesus is the Son who serves.

Similarly, when the apostles identify themselves as servants of Christ or servants of the word, they are saying, “We are the sons of God who serve in the manner in which Christ served,” meaning they served others (2 Cor. 4:5). They did not serve to curry favor with God, but to reveal the Servant-king to people. “For though I am free from all men, I have made myself a servant to all, so that I may win more” (1 Cor. 9:19).

É o mesmo conosco. Embora sejamos livres em Cristo, escolhemos servir em nome de Cristo para que os órfãos e escravos deste mundo possam conhecer seu Pai que os ama. Como Cristo, somos os filhos que servem.

Leitura complementar: “Filho, servo ou amigo de Deus?

(b) A palavra of God is revealed in the word of the kingdom (Matt. 13:19) or the word of the Christ (Rom. 10:17). It is revealed in the gospel of Jesus (Mark 1:1) and the gospel of grace (Acts 20:24). See entrada para Palavra de Deus.


Lucas 1:3

também me pareceu apropriado, tendo investigado tudo cuidadosamente desde o início, escrevê-lo para você em ordem consecutiva, excelentíssimo Teófilo;

Tendo investigado tudo cuidadosamente. Luke said he had a perfect understanding of what he wrote about (see Luke 1:3, KJV). A true Bible teacher has a good and full understanding of what he teaches, while a false teacher does not really understand what they are talking about (see 1 Tim. 1:6-7).


Lucas 1:5

Nos dias de Herodes, rei da Judéia, havia um sacerdote chamado Zacarias, da turma de Abias; e ele tinha uma esposa das filhas de Arão, e o nome dela era Isabel.

Herodes, rei da Judéia. Herodes era Herodes, o Grande (37–4 aC) era o governador da Galiléia antes que os romanos o nomeassem rei da Judéia. Ele foi um dos políticos mais implacáveis ​​e ambiciosos da Bíblia. Ver entrada for Matt. 2:1.


Lucas 1:6

Ambos eram justos aos olhos de Deus, andando irrepreensivelmente em todos os mandamentos e exigências do Senhor.

(uma) Justo aos olhos de Deus. Before the cross, no one could be made righteous. The gift of righteousness had not been given and the “one act of righteousness” had not be done (Rom. 5:18). This is why Old Testament saints such as Abraham were credited with righteousness on account of their faith in God (see entrada for Rom. 4:3).

(b) Andar irrepreensivelmente em todos os mandamentos e exigências do Senhor. Zacharias and Elizabeth were model Jews who kept the law, but did this make them righteous before God? Although the Bible speaks of the righteousness found in the law (Rom. 10:4-5, Php. 3:6, 9), no one was ever justified by keeping the law (Gal. 3:11). To say that they were righteous because they kept the law is like saying Christ died for nothing (Gal. 2:21).

Zacharias and Elizabeth were counted righteous for the same reason that other pre-cross believers were counted righteous – on account of their faith in God. Although Zacharias was not as quick to believe the good news announced by the angel (Luke 1:18), the God who sees the end of all things knew that he would come right.


Lucas 1:15

“Porque ele será grande aos olhos do Senhor; e ele não beberá vinho nem bebida alcoólica, e será cheio do Espírito Santo ainda no ventre de sua mãe.

O ventre de sua mãe. Esta escritura destrói a doutrina do pecado original de Agostinho. O pecado original diz que João era um pecador no ventre de sua mãe, mas a Bíblia diz que ele foi cheio do Espírito Santo.

Leitura complementar: “O pecado original não é bíblico


Lucas 1:19

O anjo respondeu e disse-lhe: “Eu sou Gabriel, que está na presença de Deus, e fui enviado para falar-te e trazer-te esta boa notícia.

Fui enviado para falar com você. The word of God or the word of the Lord can be conveyed via prophecies (2 Sam. 24:11, 1 Kgs. 14:18), dreams (Num. 12:6), visions (Gen. 15:1), the Law (Num. 36:5, Deu. 5:5, Is. 2:3), and angels (Luke 1:35). However, the primary way God reveals himself is through his Son. Jesus is the Word of God made flesh (John 1:14, Rev. 19:13).


Luke 1:27

to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the descendants of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.

Mary the mother of Jesus is one of six women named Mary in the New Testament. The others are Mary Magdalene (see entrada for Luke 8:2), Mary of Bethany (see entrada for Luke 10:39), Mary the mother of James and Joseph who was probably also the wife of Clopas (see entrada for Matt. 27:56), Mary the mother of John Mark (Acts 12:12), and Mary of Rome (Rom. 16:6).


Lucas 1:32

“Ele será grande e será chamado Filho do Altíssimo; e o Senhor Deus lhe dará o trono de Davi, seu pai;

O trono. The angel Gabriel was the first New Testament figure to recognize Jesus as a king, and the magi were a close second (Matt. 2:2). Others who recognized Jesus as a king included the disciples (Luke 19:38), the palm-waving people of Jerusalem (John 12:13), Paul and Silas (Acts 17:7), and the seventh angel (Rev. 11:15).

During his earthly ministry, Jesus rarely referred to himself in such royal terms (Matt. 21:5, 25:34, Mark 15:2, Luke 22:29-30, 23:3, John 18:36-37).


Lucas 1:34

Maria disse ao anjo: “Como pode ser isso, já que sou virgem?”

Virgem. One of the central tenets of the Christian faith is the virgin birth. Jesus had no earthly father but was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born from the virgin Mary (Is. 7:14, Matt. 1:23). What is the significance of the virgin birth?

A explicação tradicional é que um nascimento virginal significava que Jesus não foi manchado com o pecado de Adão. Visto que ele não teve um pai natural, Jesus não herdou a natureza pecaminosa de Adão. É uma explicação frequentemente repetida, mas não encontrada nas escrituras. O verdadeiro significado do nascimento virginal é que Jesus não nasceu escravo e somente um homem livre pode resgatar um escravo.

Ver entrada para o nascimento virginal.


Lucas 1:35

O anjo respondeu e disse-lhe: “Descerá sobre ti o Espírito Santo, e o poder do Altíssimo te cobrirá com a sua sombra; e por isso o santo Menino será chamado Filho de Deus.

(uma) O espírito Santo virá sobre você. Mary era uma mãe de aluguel, não uma mãe biológica.

Jesus is the eternal God, the Creator of all including Mary (John 1:1, Col 1:15–16). Just as Joseph contributed no DNA to Jesus, neither did Mary. She provided a womb, but no egg. The Holy Spirit overshadowed her and the result was a baby from heaven.

(b) A santa criança. One day, Mary was not pregnant; the next, “she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit” (Matt. 1:18, ESV). There is much mystery in this. How did the miracle of the Virgin Birth take place? We don’t know the how, but we know the Who. How did the Word become flesh? The Holy Spirit is the answer. “You have made him a little lower than God” (Ps. 8:5).

For most of us, life begins in the womb, but Jesus had no beginning. The Word who became flesh was with God when creation began (John 1:1). Jesus did not need a sperm donor or an egg donor. He needed a body, and that’s what the Holy Spirit provided. See entrada for Heb. 10:5.


Luke 1:46–47

And Mary said: “My soul exalts the Lord, And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior.

(uma) Soul. Your soul is that part of you that contains your personality, memories, and intentions. Metaphorically, it is your heart and mind. The Greek word for soul, psuche, is related to the word psychology, which has to do with the mind. We might say the soul resides in your mind – or perhaps your mind resides in your soul – and it is that part of you that thinks, feels, and remembers.

(b) Spirit. Your spirit is that part of you that makes you spiritually aware or God-conscious. For want of a better analogy, your spirit is like an antenna. Just as our physical bodies connect us to the physical realm, our spirits connect us to the spiritual realm. Just as we have natural senses (sight, smell, hearing, etc.), we have spiritual senses (e.g., intuition).

It is sometimes said that we relate to people with our souls, while we relate to God with our spirits. It is certainly true that we worship him in spirit (John 4:24), we rejoice in the spirit (Luke 1:47), we pray in the spirit (1 Cor. 14:15, Eph. 6:18), and in all these things we are greatly aided by the Holy Spirit (see Rom. 8:26–27). But that does not mean that our souls and bodies are left out of the picture. God is interested in all of you, not just part of you. David sang, “Bless the Lord, O my soul, And all that is within me, bless his holy name. Bless the Lord, O my soul…” (Ps. 103:1–2). Mary is saying something similar here.

When David sang, “Bless the Lord, O my soul,” he was saying we can magnify the Lord with our minds and emotions. David adds, “and all that is within me, bless his holy name.” We can praise the Lord with our lips (Ps. 51:15, Heb. 13:15), hands (Ps. 63:3, 134:2), and feet (Ps. 30:11, 149:3). Worship is fundamentally spiritual, but we can worship the Lord with every part of our being, body, soul and spirit (Deu. 11:13, Jos. 22:5, Ps. 35:9, Is. 61:10).

Further reading, “Espírito e alma


Lucas 1:49

“Pois o Poderoso fez grandes coisas por mim;
E santo é o Seu nome.

(uma) Santo é o Seu nome. Deus é a própria definição de santo.

Se quisermos saber o que significa santidade, devemos olhar para Deus que é santo e cujo nome é santo. Dizer que Deus é santo é se referir à plenitude, plenitude, beleza e vida abundante que transborda dentro da Divindade. Deus não falta nada. Ele está intacto, intacto, não caído, completamente completo e inteiro dentro de si mesmo. Ele é o Indivisível, totalmente auto-suficiente, e a imagem da perfeição.

When the angels sing “Holy is the Lord,” they are not admiring God for his rule-keeping or sin avoidance; they are marveling at the transcendent totality of his perfection (Is. 6:3). To worship God in the beauty of his holiness is to be awestruck by the infinite sweep and scale of his sublimity. It is to become lost in the limitless landscape of his loveliness.

God the Father is Holy (Luke 1:49, John 17:11, Rev. 4:8) and so are God the Son (Mark 1:24, Acts 2:27, 3:14, 4:27, 30) and God the Holy Spirit (Rom. 1:4).

Ver entrada para Santidade.


Lucas 1:53

“ELE ENCHEU A FOME DE COISAS BOAS;
E despediu os ricos de mãos vazias.

Boas coisas é uma referência ao próprio Jesus; Vejo entrada for Heb. 10:1.


Lucas 1:54

“Ele ajudou a Israel, seu servo,
Em memória de sua misericórdia,

(uma) Ele deu ajuda. Life is too big for any of us to handle, but the good news is that God is our very great Helper (Deu. 33:26, John 14:16). “Because you are my help, I sing in the shadow of your wings” (Ps. 63:7).

Leitura complementar: “Quem é seu ajudante?

(b) Sua misericórdia. To a nation burdened with the heavy yoke of law, the cry for mercy was never far away. The law makes us acutely aware of our shortcomings and needs. Mercy is God’s help in our time of need (Heb. 4:16).


Lucas 1:58

Seus vizinhos e parentes ouviram que o Senhor havia demonstrado Sua grande misericórdia para com ela; e eles se alegraram com ela.

(uma) Grande misericórdia. Assim como Deus tem grande graça (ver entrada for Jas. 4:6), he has great mercy (1 Pet. 1:3). God is both rich in grace (Eph. 1:7, 2:7), and mercy (Eph. 2:4). His great mercy testifies to his great love for us (Eph. 2:4).

(b) Misericórdia é mostrar compaixão para com os necessitados. Ver entrada para Misericórdia.


Lucas 1:69

E levantou um chifre de salvação para nós
Na casa de Davi, Seu servo—

Salvação. The original word means deliverance or rescue. Jesus is the great Deliverer who rescues us from our enemies (Luke 1:71). See entrada para a Salvação.


Lucas 1:71

Salvação DOS NOSSOS INIMIGOS,
E DA MÃO DE TODOS OS QUE NOS ODEIAM;

Salvação de nossos inimigos. Our enemies include sin and the evils of the present age (Gal. 1:4). But our greatest enemy is death (1 Cor. 15:26). Jesus is the Savior who rescues our souls from death (Ps. 33:19, 116:8).


Lucas 1:77

Para dar ao Seu povo o conhecimento da salvação
Pelo perdão dos seus pecados,

(uma) Conhecimento da salvação comes when we know the Savior who sets us free from sin. As the angel said, Jesus “will save his people from their sins” (Matt.1:21). We are saved and set free when we realize our sins have been completely and eternally forgiven in accordance with the riches of his grace (Eph. 1:7).

(b) Perdão. A palavra original (afese) pois o perdão é um substantivo que às vezes é traduzido como remissão e significa um desapego ou dispensa (ver entrada for Luke 24:47).

On the night he rose from the dead, Jesus told the disciples to preach the remission of sins or the good news of unconditional forgiveness (Luke 24:47). Because of his great love, God chooses to remember your sins no more (Heb. 8:12, 10:17), and he is no longer holding your sins and trespasses against you (2 Cor. 5:19). However, you will never experience his forgiveness unless you receive it by faith. Only in Christ do we have the forgiveness of sins (Eph. 1:7, Col. 1:14).

A salvação muitas vezes nos parece o perdão dos pecados, mas a salvação é muito mais do que o perdão. A palavra que é comumente traduzida como salvar na Bíblia (sozo), means to deliver, protect, heal, preserve, and make whole. It covers not only salvation, but healing, deliverance, and prosperity. God does not merely forgive us of our sins; he provides everything we need for health and wholeness today (Eph. 1:3, 2 Pet. 1:3). See entrada para a Salvação.


Lucas 1:78

Por causa da terna misericórdia de nosso Deus,
Com que nos visitará o Nascer do Sol do alto,

Terna misericórdia. Mercy is one facet of God’s grace (Heb. 4:16). Mercy is how grace appears to the needy.

Just as we are saved by grace (Eph. 2:5), we are saved by mercy (Tit. 3:5). Just as we are forgiven by grace (Eph. 1:7), we are forgiven by mercy (Matt. 18:33, Luke 1:77, Heb. 8:12). See entrada para Misericórdia.


Lucas 1:79

PARA BRILHAR SOBRE AQUELES QUE ESTÃO NAS TREVAS E NA SOMBRA DA MORTE,

Para guiar nossos pés no caminho da paz.”

o caminho da paz. When we proclaim the gospel of peace (Eph. 6:15) we are revealing the way of peace (Is. 59:8) which leads us to the God of peace (Rom. 15:33) who gives us life and peace (Rom. 8:6).


O Grace Commentary é um trabalho em andamento com novos conteúdos adicionados regularmente. Inscreva-se para atualizações ocasionais abaixo. Tem uma sugestão? Por favor, use oComentáriospágina. Para relatar erros de digitação ou links quebrados nesta página, use o formulário de comentários abaixo.