for John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.”
(a) Baptized… baptized. The original word implies total immersion. See entry for Baptism.
(b) Water… Holy Spirit; John’s baptism of water prophetically foreshadowed the baptism of the Holy Spirit. See entry for Mark 1:8.
These all with one mind were continually devoting themselves to prayer, along with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brothers.
(a) Mary the mother of Jesus. All four Gospel writers (and the author of Acts was Luke) refer to Mary as the mother of Jesus. See entry for Matt. 1:18.
(b) His brothers (or half-brothers) were James, Joseph, Simon and Judas (Matt. 13:55). At first, these men did not believe Jesus was the Son of God (Mark 3:21). But here we find them among those praying in the Upper Room. James became the influential leader of the church in Jerusalem (Acts 15:13). It’s possible the other brothers became ministers of the gospel and apostles, but we have no direct evidence for this (1 Cor. 9:5).
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