Philippians 1


Philippians 1:1

Paul and Timothy, bond-servants of Christ Jesus,
To all the saints in Christ Jesus who are in Philippi, including the overseers and deacons:

(a) Paul most likely wrote this letter to the church in Philippi while he was in a Roman prison. The Philippian Christians had sent him a gift via a man called Epaphroditus (Php. 4:18). Paul sent Epaphroditus back to the church with this letter (Php. 2:25).

(b) Timothy, Paul’s spiritual son and co-worker, was visiting Paul at the time this letter was written.

(c) Bond-servants of Christ Jesus; see entry for Rom. 1:1.

(d) The saints in Christ Jesus. In the New Testament, Christians are known as saints, not sinners (Eph. 1:1, Col. 1:2). Sanctified in Christ, Christians are a holy priesthood (1 Pet. 2:5).

(e) Who are in Philippi. Paul founded the church in Philippi (Acts 16:12ff).


Philippians 1:2

Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

The grace and peace of God were at the heart of everything Paul wrote (see entry for Rom. 1:7).


Philippians 1:6

For I am confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus.

(a) I am confident. There are more than 130 scriptures guaranteeing the eternal security of the believer, and this is one of the best. You can be confident that the good work Jesus began in you, he will see through to completion.

Further reading: “The top 12 promises on eternal security

(b) The day of Christ Jesus refers to the return of the Lord; see entry for Php. 1:10.


Philippians 1:10

so that you may approve the things that are excellent, in order to be sincere and blameless until the day of Christ;

The day of Christ. Some talk about the second coming of Jesus, but the phrase “the second coming” is not found in the Bible. Instead, the scriptures refer to the day or coming of the Lord or the coming of the Son of Man (Matt 24: 37, 1 Th 4:15). It is the “day of Christ” when “Jesus is revealed from heaven” (Php 1:10, 1 Pet 1:13).

Further reading: “90 scriptures about the final coming of Jesus


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