Therefore, my beloved brethren whom I long to see, my joy and crown, in this way stand firm in the Lord, my beloved.
My beloved; see entry for Rom. 1:7.
I urge Euodia and I urge Syntyche to live in harmony in the Lord.
(a) Euodia was a Philippian minister. Some translations render her name as Euodias, turning her into a man. Further reading: “How sexist is your Bible?”
(b) Euodia and Syntyche. These two Philippian ladies are famous for disagreeing, when they ought to be celebrated for preaching alongside Paul (see next verse). Further reading: “Women preachers? Where’s that in the Bible?”
Indeed, true companion, I ask you also to help these women who have shared my struggle in the cause of the gospel, together with Clement also and the rest of my fellow workers, whose names are in the book of life.
The book of life; see entry for Rev. 3:5.
Let your gentle spirit be known to all men. The Lord is near.
The Lord is near. At first blush it sounds as if Jesus’ return is imminent, in which case Paul was mistaken because nobody knows when the Lord will return except the Father (Matt. 24:36).
The context is waiting patiently and rejoicing in all circumstances (see next verse). When Paul says, “The Lord is near” and James says “The Judge is at the door” (Jas. 5:9), they are encouraging us to persevere and live with the end in mind.
And the peace of God, which surpasses all comprehension, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.
In Christ Jesus: see entry for Col. 1:28.
And my God will supply all your needs according to His riches in glory in Christ Jesus.
All your needs. God is our great Provider and Helper who helps us in our time of need (Ps. 46:1). He provides us with food and drink (Matt. 6:25). He clothes us (Matt. 6:28). He shelters us (Ps. 61:4, 91:1) and protects us (Ps. 115:9-11). He meets our need for love and friendship (Matt. 11:19, Rom. 5:5, Eph. 2:4). He heals us (1 Pet. 2:24). He saves us, delivers us, and blesses us with every blessing there is (Eph. 1:3). Whatever your need, see God as your rich supply.
Greet every saint in Christ Jesus. The brethren who are with me greet you.
(a) Saint; see entry for Php. 1:1.
(b) In Christ Jesus. There are no saints outside of Christ Jesus and no sinners in Christ Jesus, for all who are in Christ are sanctified by Christ. Sanctification is one of the many blessings we enjoy as a result of being in union with Christ. See entry for Union.
The Grace Commentary is a work in progress with new content added regularly. Sign up for occasional updates below. Got something to say? Please use the Feedback page. To report typos or broken links on this page, please use the comment form below.
- Philippians 4:1
- Philippians 4:2
- Philippians 4:3
- Philippians 4:5
- Philippians 4:7
- Philippians 4:19
- Philippians 4:21