2 Peter 1:1
Simon Peter, a bond-servant and apostle of Jesus Christ,
To those who have received a faith of the same kind as ours, by the righteousness of our God and Savior, Jesus Christ:
(a) A bond-servant of God; see entry for Rom. 1:1.
(b) An apostle; see entry for 1 Cor. 1:1.
(c) A faith of the same kind as ours. Peter’s letter is addressed to those who believe in Jesus and have received the righteousness that comes from God.
There are different kinds of faith. James contrasted the faith of the Jews who believed in the one God with the faith that saves. Believing in God is nothing special unless your faith is accompanied by the work of believing in the one he sent (see entry for Jas. 2:14). It’s this latter kind of faith that Peter has.
(d) The righteousness of our God can be distinguished from our own righteousness (see entry for Matt. 6:33). This righteousness is revealed in the gospel of grace and is received by faith (Php. 3:9).
2 Peter 1:3
seeing that His divine power has granted to us everything pertaining to life and godliness, through the true knowledge of Him who called us by His own glory and excellence.
(a) Everything we need for life and godliness has been made available to us by grace and comes to us through our knowledge of Jesus.
(b) Life. Two kinds of life are described in the Bible; the psuche– or soul life we inherited from Adam and the zoe– or spirit life that comes from God (John 5:26). It’s the second kind of life that is described here. See entry for New Life.
2 Peter 1:9
For he who lacks these qualities is blind or short-sighted, having forgotten his purification from his former sins.
(a) Purification from his former sins. All your sins were carried away by the Lamb of God (John 1:29, 2 John 2:2). This is why, on the night he rose from the dead, Jesus told the disciples to preach the remission of sins (see entry for Luke 24:47).
(b) Former sins. Your sins are part of your old life. In Christ, you are a new creation, righteous and holy and a sinner no more.
2 Peter 1:16
For we did not follow cleverly devised tales when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of His majesty.
Eyewitnesses of His majesty. On the Mount of Transfiguration, Peter got a glimpse of Jesus in all his kingly glory (Matt. 17:2–3).
2 Peter 1:17
For when He received honor and glory from God the Father, such an utterance as this was made to Him by the Majestic Glory, “This is My beloved Son with whom I am well-pleased”—
This is My beloved Son; see entry for Matthew 3:17.
2 Peter 1:18
and we ourselves heard this utterance made from heaven when we were with Him on the holy mountain.
On the Mount of Transfiguration, Peter heard God the Father speaking from heaven affirming his Son Jesus (see previous verse).
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