Philemon 1

Philemon 1:2

and to Apphia our sister, and to Archippus our fellow soldier, and to the church in your house:

Archippus, the son of Philemon (Phm. 1:2), was named as the first bishop of the church of Laodicea by Clement in his Apostolical Constitutions. Based on Paul’s exhortation to him in the letter to the Colossians, he may have been a discouraged pastor. See entry for Col. 4:17.

Philemon 1:25

The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit.

Paul sometimes finishes his letters by saying “the Lord be with you” (2 Th. 3:16), and sometimes he closes by saying “grace be with you” (Eph. 6:24; Col. 4:18; 1 Tim. 6:21). There is no difference (Phm. 1:25; 2 Tim 4:22). To have the Lord is to have his grace.

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