“But you disowned the Holy and Righteous One and asked for a murderer to be granted to you,
Righteous One. Jesus Christ is the Righteous One and the Righteous Branch spoken of by the prophets (Is. 24:16, 53:11, Jer. 23:5, 33:15). Just as Jesus is the Word made flesh, the living Truth, and the personification of the Father’s grace (John 1:14, 14:6), he is the embodiment of God’s righteousness.
“And on the basis of faith in His name, it is the name of Jesus which has strengthened this man whom you see and know; and the faith which comes through Him has given him this perfect health in the presence of you all.
(a) On the basis of faith in His name. The religious leaders had faith in God but they did not believe in Jesus. Their faith was dead and useless (Jas. 2:17, 20).
All of God’s blessings, including forgiveness, salvation, righteousness and sanctification, come to us freely by grace and are received by faith. Faith does not compel God to forgive us or sanctify us. But faith is the conduit through which grace flows. See entry for Eph. 2:8.
(b) The faith which comes through Him. Jesus is the author of faith (Heb. 12:2).
(c) Given him this perfect health. It is the grace of God that heals us, but we receive his grace through faith (Eph. 2:8).
“Therefore repent and return, so that your sins may be wiped away, in order that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord;
(a) Repent. To repent means to change your mind. In context, it means changing your mind about Christ and the goodness of God (Rom. 2:4). Peter is echoing Jesus who said “Repent and believe the good news” (Mark 1:15). “Change your unbelieving mind and believe the glad tidings of God’s grace and forgiveness.” See entry for Repentance.
(b) Repent and return. In the new covenant, repentance is often described as a return or turning to God (see entry for Acts 26:20).
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