But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises.
The mediator of a better covenant. Jesus is God’s representative to humanity, and our representative to God.
A better covenant. The new covenant is better than the old for it does not rely on the imperfect obedience of unreliable people. In the new covenant, God the Father guarantees one side and God the Son guarantees the other. Jesus the faithful high priest was obedient unto death and his perfect obedience results in righteousness for all who put their faith in him.
“FOR I WILL BE MERCIFUL TO THEIR INIQUITIES,
AND I WILL REMEMBER THEIR SINS NO MORE.”
(a) Merciful. He is the God of all grace (1 Pet. 5:10) and the Father of all mercies (2 Cor. 1:3).
(b) Merciful to their iniquities. Mercy is how grace appears to the sinful. Just as we are saved by grace (Eph. 2:5), we are saved by mercy (Tit. 3:5). Just as we are forgiven by grace (Eph. 1:7), we are forgiven by mercy (Matt. 18:33, Luke 1:77-78, Heb. 8:12). See entry for Mercy.
(c) Remember their sins no more. If the old covenant was characterized by the marking of sins (Jer. 14:10, Hos. 7:2, 8:13, 9:9), the new covenant is characterized by the remission or dismissal of sins. Unconditional love implies unconditional forgiveness. Because of his great love for us, God remembers our sins no more, just as the prophets foretold (Is. 43:25, Jer. 31:34).
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