1 Corinthians 3:8
Now he who plants and he who waters are one; but each will receive his own reward according to his own labor.
(a) Each will receive his own reward. The original word for reward means pay or wages. Although all the blessings of God come to us by grace alone, there is one kind of work that earns a payment.
(b) According to his own labor. In the economy of grace, we are rewarded on account of what Christ has done. Yet there are rewards to planting and watering the gospel seed, and that reward is people – spiritual children and eternal friends. Outside of the Lord himself, there is no greater reward than co-laboring with the Holy Spirit to reproduce the life of Christ in others (1 Th. 2:19–20).
Further reading: “Rewarded for their labor?”
1 Corinthians 3:16
Do you not know that you are a temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?
(a) Do you not know? This was one of Paul’s rhetorical trademarks. “Do you not know? By now you should know!” He uses this phrase ten times in this letter (1 Cor. 3:16, 5:6, 6:2, 6:3, 6:9, 15, 16, 19, 9:13, 24) and four times in Romans (Rom. 6:3, 16, 7:1, 11:2).
(b) You are a temple of God. The Most High does not dwell in a temple made with human hands (Acts 7:48), but he dwells in the body of believers. The word “you” is plural signifying that God dwells in the church. Later Paul will say that God dwells in individual believers (1 Cor. 6:19).
1 Corinthians 3:17
If any man destroys the temple of God, God will destroy him, for the temple of God is holy, and that is what you are.
(a) The temple of God in this context is the body of Christ (see 1 Cor. 3:16). It can also be interpreted as the individual believer (1 Cor. 6:19).
(b) If any man destroys. The original word for destroy means defile. Under the old covenant, defiling the temple was a serious sin. If you brought something unclean into the temple, you could get in trouble. Paul had some experience of this when he was falsely accused of bringing Gentiles into the temple (Acts 21:27-29). The Jews nearly killed him.
The old law was a shadow of a new covenant reality. God takes a dim view of those who defile his temple (the body of Christ) by promoting dead works and unbelief in Jesus.
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