2 Thessalonians 2:1
Now we request you, brethren, with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering together to Him,
(a) The coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. In his first letter to the Thessalonians, Paul mentioned the coming of the Lord or the day of the Lord (1 Th. 4:15, 5:2). He returns to that subject now.
(b) Our gathering together to Him. When the Lord returns in glory, the church will be gathered or caught up to him. See entry for 1 Th. 4:17.
2 Thessalonians 2:2
that you not be quickly shaken from your composure or be disturbed either by a spirit or a message or a letter as if from us, to the effect that the day of the Lord has come.
(a) Not be quickly shaken. Like some Christians today, the Thessalonians had been unsettled by bad end times’ teaching.
(b) A letter as if from us. Paul warns the Thessalonians not to be disturbed by fake mail sent in his name. How could they tell if a letter from Paul was genuine? He signed it in his own name (see 2 Th. 3:17).
(c) The day of the Lord; see entry for 1 Th. 5:2.
(d) The day of the Lord has come. Someone told the Thessalonians that the Lord had already returned. Similar messages are repeated today. “There is no final return of the Lord because he came at Pentecost.” “The Lord returned in judgment in AD70.” We would do well to heed Paul’s warnings not to be deceived by such teachings (2 Th. 2:3).
The Thessalonians were brand new Christians. Prior to Paul’s visit, many of them had been law-abiding Jews attending the synagogue and awaiting the consolation of Israel. Then Paul came and said the Messiah they had been waiting for had already come (see Acts 17:3). During this time Paul also spoke about the future return of the Lord (2 Th. 2:5). But after he left, they got it into their heads that the Messiah had already returned. Since they had missed his first visit, it was understandable that they might miss his return. “It hasn’t happened,” said Paul.
Further reading: “When is the second coming?”
2 Thessalonians 2:3
Let no one in any way deceive you, for it will not come unless the apostasy comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction,
(a) The man of lawlessness. The day of the Lord will not occur until this mysterious figure is revealed. Who is the man of lawlessness? Was he an historical figure or a future one? Is he a real man or a metaphor? Is he a specific individual or a spirit like the antichrist spirit (see entry for 1 John 2:18)? The short answer is nobody knows, although there have been many speculations.
Some say the man of lawlessness was John Levi, a leader in the Jewish rebellion of AD70. Others say he was the Roman Emperor Nero. Others say he is the pope or the president or some other charismatic world leader. Most, if not all, of these candidates can be dismissed because they do not match the criteria outlined by Paul (see the following verses).
Why doesn’t Paul name the man of lawlessness? Why all the mystery and suspense? Some say Paul didn’t name him because everyone knew who he was and Paul didn’t want to incriminate himself. But Paul was not afraid of speaking truth to power. Paul doesn’t name him because the man of lawlessness had not been revealed (2 Th. 2:6, 8). Alternatively, he doesn’t name him because the man is the personification of Adamic sin. Whichever it is, Paul knew about the man of lawlessness from reading the prophecies of Daniel. Although he did not know who this man was or when he would be revealed, he told the Thessalonians how to recognize him when he came.
2 Thessalonians 2:4
who opposes and exalts himself above every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being God.
Many kings and emperors have claimed to be divine, and some have received offerings and worship. However, the man of lawlessness will operate in counterfeit signs and wonders (2 Th. 2:9).
2 Thessalonians 2:5
Do you not remember that while I was still with you, I was telling you these things?
Paul spent only three weeks in Thessalonica (Acts 17:2), yet during that time he planted a church composed of Jewish and Gentile believers, got them established in the faith, and gave them eschatological instruction. It was a busy time.
2 Thessalonians 2:8
Then that lawless one will be revealed whom the Lord will slay with the breath of His mouth and bring to an end by the appearance of His coming;
(a) The lawless one; see entry for 2 Th. 2:3.
(b) Whom the Lord will slay. The Lord will bring the lawless man to an end simply by showing up. This rules out historical figures such as John Levi (he died in a Roman prison) and Nero (his secretary killed him).
2 Thessalonians 2:16
Now may our Lord Jesus Christ Himself and God our Father, who has loved us and given us eternal comfort and good hope by grace,
(a) Eternal comfort. Because Jesus’ blood obtained an eternal redemption (Heb. 9:12), you have an eternal inheritance (Heb. 9:15), guaranteed by an eternal covenant (Heb. 13:20), resulting in eternal life (John 3:16) and a welcome into the eternal kingdom (2 Pet. 1:11) by the eternal God (Rom. 16:26). This is why the eternal gospel (Rev. 14:6) gives us eternal comfort.
(b) Good hope by grace. Our good hope is not based on our good works or even our good confession. Our good hope is a good gift given by our good Father. Any comfort and hope that man provides is fleeting and weak, but the comfort and hope that God provides is eternal and good. All this is to the glory of his grace and faithfulness.
Further reading: “How to cultivate hope”
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- 2 Thessalonians 2:1
- 2 Thessalonians 2:2
- 2 Thessalonians 2:3
- 2 Thessalonians 2:4
- 2 Thessalonians 2:5
- 2 Thessalonians 2:8
- 2 Thessalonians 2:16