Galatians 5

Galatians 5:1

It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery.

(a) For freedom. The purpose of grace is to liberate the prisoner and give life to the dead.

(b) Keep standing firm and don’t allow yourself to be tempted back to the old ways of DIY religion. We are under grace, not law. The Christian who looks to the law for anything is cheating on Jesus.

(c) Yoke of slavery. Living under the relentless demands of the law is a form of bondage. Jesus’ yoke is light and easy to bear (Matt. 11:30), but the yoke of Moses is heavy and hard to bear (Act 15:10).

Galatians 5:2

Behold I, Paul, say to you that if you receive circumcision, Christ will be of no benefit to you.

Christ will be of no benefit to you. Grace brings freedom and that includes the freedom to make poor choices, but if you use your freedom to enslave yourself to sin, then you have missed the point of grace. “It was for freedom that Christ set us free” (Gal. 5:1), so be free.

Some quote these verses to claim Christians can lose their salvation. Paul says nothing of the sought. Fall from grace back under law and you will end up in bondage, but God won’t kick you out of his family. See also the entry for Gal. 5:4.

Galatians 5:3

And I testify again to every man who receives circumcision, that he is under obligation to keep the whole Law.

(a) Circumcision. For the Galatians, the issue was circumcision, but “the law” can be anything that puts a price tag on God’s favor – church rules, denominational traditions, confession of sin, tithing, the spiritual disciplines. These are not necessarily bad things, but if you think you must heed them to add to or improve upon Christ’s work, you have fallen from grace and become estranged from Christ.

(b) Keep the whole Law. Jesus would rather you were cold than lukewarm (see entry for Rev. 3:15). If you wish to live under law, you are obliged to keep it all. Neglect just one law and you will be judged guilty of breaking it all (Jas. 2:10).

Galatians 5:4

You have been severed from Christ, you who are seeking to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace.

(a) You have been severed from Christ, does not mean you have lost your salvation. You may let go of Christ, but he will never let go of you. Even when you are faithless, he remains faithful (2 Tim. 2:13). But trust in your own efforts, and Christ will be of no benefit to you (Gal. 5:2). Like an unbelieving believer you will have cut yourself off from heavenly favor.

(b) Seeking to be justified by law. No one is justified or made right with God by doing good works or keeping the law (see entry for Rom. 3:20). Rather, our justification is a gift of grace (Rom. 3:24, Tit. 3:7) that is received by faith (Rom. 3:28, 5:1, Gal. 3:24).

(c) You have fallen from grace. This phrase is often applied to influential people who have fallen into sin, but when you sin, you don’t fall from grace but into grace (Rom. 5:20). We fall from the high place of grace when we submit to the yoke of law. If you think God will bless you because you pray a lot, give a lot, or serve a lot, you have fallen from grace. You are no longer continuing in the grace of God, but are relying on your own efforts.

If you fall from grace you won’t fall out of the kingdom, but you will lose your freedom (Gal. 5:1). Paul never tells the Galatians, “You are losing your salvation.” Instead, he says, “You are indulging the flesh” (Gal. 5:13). The Galatians were becoming carnal, biting and devouring one another in vicious arguments. The danger was not that God would destroy them, but that you “will be destroyed by each other” (Gal. 5:15).

Remove grace from any community and you will soon have quarrels, strife, bickering, manipulation, envy, hatred, and all the other works of the flesh that Paul lists in Galatians 5:19–21. But none of these things will send you to hell. When Paul reminds the Galatians that “they who do such things shall not inherit the kingdom,” he’s saying, “Those who belong to Christ shouldn’t act like those who don’t.”

Further reading: “What are the consequences of falling from grace?

The Grace Commentary is a work in progress with new content added regularly. Sign up for occasional updates below. Got something to say? Please use the Feedback page. To report typos or broken links on this page, please use the comment form below.

Leave a Reply