Luke 11


Luke 11:4

‘And forgive us our sins,
For we ourselves also forgive everyone who is indebted to us.
And lead us not into temptation.’”

(a) Forgive us our sins. Jesus taught the disciples to pray for the forgiveness of sins and on the cross he answered their prayer.

On the cross the Lamb of God bore the sins of the whole world (John 1:29, 2 John 2:2). All your sins, past, present, and future, have been forgiven or carried away as far as the east is from the west (Ps. 103:12). On the night he rose from the dead, Jesus told the disciples to preach the remission of sins or the good news of unconditional forgiveness (see entry for Luke 24:47).

(b) We ourselves also forgive everyone. This is the same message Jesus preached in the Sermon on the Mount (Matt. 6:12), but without the law. There is none of the conditional forgiveness of Matthew 6:14-15.

Jesus preached old covenant law to those under the law, but as the messenger of the new covenant, he also demonstrated and proclaimed unconditional forgiveness that came through the cross (Matt. 9:2, 18:27, Luke 7:42, 47, 23:34).


Luke 11:28

But He said, “On the contrary, blessed are those who hear the word of God and observe it.”

To hear the word of God and observe it is to repent and believe the good news of Jesus. Jesus is the Living Word of God (John 1:1, 14, Rev. 19:13). He is the Word of life (1 John 1:1) who imparts life to those who trust him.

The people of Nazareth are an example of those who heard the word of God but did not heed it (Luke 4:28).

See entry for Word of God.


Luke 11:32

“The men of Nineveh will stand up with this generation at the judgment and condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and behold, something greater than Jonah is here.

Repented. To repent means to change your mind. In context, it means changing your mind about Christ and the goodness of God (Rom. 2:4). “Change your unbelieving mind and believe the glad tidings of God’s grace and forgiveness” (see Mark 1:15). Jesus is talking about people who heard the gospel and believed it.


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