Romans 10


Romans 10:3

For not knowing about God’s righteousness and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.

(a) Not knowing about God’s righteousness. The gospel that Jesus preached reveals a righteousness that comes from God (see entry for Matt. 6:33).

(b) Seeking to establish their own. The Jews understood that the Law was righteous (Rom. 7:12) and they believed they could become righteous by keeping it (Rom. 2:13). What they did not appreciate it was that no one could ever succeed (see entry for Rom. 3:20).

(c) They did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God. Their obsession with the law made them self-righteous and resistant to the righteousness of God that comes by faith.


Romans 10:4

For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.

(a) For Christ is the end or the goal of the law. He is the ultimate reason for the law.

(b) The law is a signpost, and like any signpost, it only has value in that it points us to a place we need to go. The law does not restrain or guide us but it points us to Jesus who is the way, truth, and the life.

(c) The law for righteousness. Like some people today, the Jews believed that keeping the law would make them righteous. However, no one was ever justified by keeping the law (Gal. 3:11).


Romans 10:6

But the righteousness based on faith speaks as follows: “DO NOT SAY IN YOUR HEART, ‘WHO WILL ASCEND INTO HEAVEN?’ (that is, to bring Christ down),

The righteousness based on faith is the righteousness of God that is received by faith (see entry for Php. 3:9).

All of God’s blessings, including forgiveness, salvation, righteousness and sanctification, come to us freely by grace and are received by faith. Faith does not compel God to forgive us or sanctify us. But faith is the conduit through which grace flows. See entry for Eph. 2:8.


Romans 10:8

But what does it say? “THE WORD IS NEAR YOU, IN YOUR MOUTH AND IN YOUR HEART”—that is, the word of faith which we are preaching,

The word of faith is synonymous with the word of Christ because hearing the word of Christ is how we receive or strengthen our faith (Rom. 10:17).


Romans 10:9

that if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved;

(a) If you confess. Out of the overflow of the heart, the mouth speaks.

In the New Testament, there are more than 200 imperative statements linked with faith. Some of these statements exhort us to: receive Jesus (John 1:11-12, 5:43), receive the message of Jesus (John 17:8), obey or heed the message or good news of Jesus (John 17:6) and turn to God in repentance (Acts 26:20). Other scriptures encourage us to accept the word (Mark 4:20), confess Jesus as Lord (Rom. 10:9), call on the name of the Lord (Act 2:21), eat the bread of life (John 6:50-51), be reconciled to God (2 Cor. 5:20), submit to God’s righteousness (Rom. 10:3), and be born again (John 3:3, 7). But the one imperative that appears far more than any other, is the instruction to believe. We are to believe in Jesus (see entry for John 3:16).

(b) You will be saved. All of God’s blessings, including forgiveness, salvation, righteousness and sanctification, come to us freely by grace and are received by faith. Faith does not compel God to forgive us or sanctify us. But faith is the conduit through which grace flows. See entry for Eph. 2:8.


Romans 10:11

For the Scripture says, “WHOEVER BELIEVES IN HIM WILL NOT BE DISAPPOINTED.”

Whoever believes; see entry for John 3:15.


Romans 10:17

So faith comes from hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ.

(a) Faith comes not from within but from hearing the good news of Jesus Christ.

It’s the unfailing love of God that inspires us to trust him (see entry for 1 John 4:16). Since the love of God is revealed in Jesus Christ (John 17:26), faith comes from hearing about Jesus (Acts 15:7, 28:24). See entry for Faith.

(b) The word of Christ is synonymous with the word of God (Acts 6:7, Heb. 13:7) and the word of his grace (Acts 14:3, 20:32). These are all different labels for the gospel of grace; see entry for Acts 20:24.


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