1 Peter 3

1 Peter 3:7

You husbands in the same way, live with your wives in an understanding way, as with someone weaker, since she is a woman; and show her honor as a fellow heir of the grace of life, so that your prayers will not be hindered.

(a) You husbands in the same way. As Sarah obeyed and submitted to Abraham, husbands are to submit and obey their wives. This is a radical departure from the patriarchy that pervades the modern church, but it is thoroughly Biblical. Love is other focused. Love trusts, obeys, and submits. Many men know the verse about wives submitting to their husbands, but they miss the one before it that speaks of submitting to one another. (See entry for Eph. 5:21.)

(b) As with someone weaker. To the religious mind of the first century, women were considered weaker or inferior in many ways, and this mindset was reflected in the limited participation of women in the Temple and synagogue. Further reading: “Are women weaker vessels?

(c) Show her honor. “If you think of your wife as weaker or inferior, renew your mind and honor her as an equal partner in grace.”

(d) A fellow heir. If you see others as equal in grace, then you are walking in grace. However, if you see yourself as superior in some way, then you are not walking in grace and your prayers will be hindered.

(d) So that your prayers will not be hindered. People who look down on others have trouble receiving grace.

Whose prayers are hindered? It is those who boast, “Thank you God that I am not like other people” (Luke 18:11). It is those who see themselves as better than others. It is those who sacrifice people on the altar of their convictions. Such people have trouble receiving grace because they don’t see their need for it. Their pride hinders their prayers.

Further reading: “Husbands’ hindered prayers

1 Peter 3:9

not returning evil for evil or insult for insult, but giving a blessing instead; for you were called for the very purpose that you might inherit a blessing.

Inherit a blessing. In Christ we are heirs of salvation (Heb. 1:14), heirs of eternal life (Matt. 19:29, Mark 10:17, Eph. 1:14, Tit. 3:7), and heirs of blessed and gracious life (Eph. 1:3, 1 Pet. 3:7, 9). See entry for Inheritance.

1 Peter 3:12


The righteous are those who have been made right with God by receiving, through faith, the free gift of his righteousness. See entry for Righteousness.

1 Peter 3:21

Corresponding to that, baptism now saves you—not the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience—through the resurrection of Jesus Christ,

(a) Baptism now saves you. The baptism that saves is the baptism done to every believer by the Holy Spirit. This is not a reference to water baptism or any kind of baptism other than the one baptism that truly counts (Eph. 4:5). The moment you came to Jesus, you were baptized or placed into his body by the Holy Spirit (1 Cor. 12:12–13). See entry for Baptism.

(b) A good conscience. The only thing that can give you a good conscience before God is the cleansing blood of Jesus (Heb. 10:22). So again, Peter is not referring to the symbolic act of water baptism but the sacrificial death into which every believer is baptized when they come to Christ.

(c) Through the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Just as the Holy Spirit raised Jesus from the dead, he raised you.

The moment you put your faith in the risen Lord, you received the baptism that saves. Your old man was buried with Christ and you were instantly raised and seated with him in heavenly places (Eph. 2:6). “We have been buried with him through baptism into death, so that as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life” (Rom. 6:4).

1 Peter 3:22

who is at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven, after angels and authorities and powers had been subjected to Him.

At the right hand of God. The Son shares his Father’s throne; see entry for Matt. 22:44.

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