John 10


John 10:3

“To him the doorkeeper opens, and the sheep hear his voice, and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out.

His own sheep. We are not his sheep because we go to church and act like Jesus. We are his sheep if we have been born of the Spirit. “If anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to him” (Rom. 8:9).


John 10:10

“The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I came that they may have life, and have it abundantly.

I came that they may have life. “To give us eternal life” is the answer to the question, why did Jesus come (John 3:16, 10:28, Rom 6:4, 1 Tim. 1:16).

Jesus did not come principally to free us from sin or to give us a new nature. He came to give us a new life which includes those other things. When we preach the gospel, we are telling people about the new life that Jesus offers to all (Acts 5:20). See entry for New Life.


John 10:17

“For this reason the Father loves Me, because I lay down My life so that I may take it again.

(a) The Father; see entry for John 4:21.

(b) The Father loves Me. The God that Jesus revealed is a loving Father (John 14:21, 23, 15:9, 16:27, 17:26), who loves us as much as he loves his Son (John 17:23).


John 10:27

“My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me;

My sheep. We are not his sheep because we go to church and act like Jesus. We are his sheep if we have been born of the Spirit. “If anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to him” (Rom. 8:9).


John 10:28

and I give eternal life to them, and they will never perish; and no one will snatch them out of My hand.

(a) I give eternal life to them. “To give us eternal life” is the answer to the question, why did Jesus come (John 3:16, Rom 6:4, 1 Tim. 1:16).

Jesus did not come principally to free us from sin or to give us a new nature. He came to give us a new life which includes those other things. “I have come that they may have (zoe) life” (John 10:10). When we preach the gospel, we are telling people about the new life that Jesus offers to all (Acts 5:20). See entry for New Life.

(b) Eternal life is living forever in union with Jesus; see entry for John 3:15.

(c) My hand. Jesus holds you and he will never let you go.


John 10:29

“My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand.

(a) My Father; see entry for John 4:21.

(b) The Father’s hand. In Christ, you are a son forever (John 8:35). Your heavenly Father will never abandon you (Heb. 13:5), never forget you (Is. 49:15). As an heir of God, your future is eternally secure and wonderfully blessed (Rom. 8:17, Gal. 4:7).


John 10:34

Jesus answered them, “Has it not been written in your Law, ‘I SAID, YOU ARE GODS’?

Written in your Law. Jesus is quoting Psalm. 82:6. The Psalms do not form part of the Law of Moses or the Torah (the first five books of the Bible). Jesus is referring to the Hebrew Scriptures or the Old Testament. For similar examples, see John 12:34, 15:25, and 1 Cor. 14:21.


John 10:35

“If he called them gods, to whom the word of God came (and the Scripture cannot be broken),

(a) The word of God in this context is the Old Testament (see previous verse). To be precise, it is Psalm 82:6.

The word of God is the means by which God reveals himself and his will. In the old covenant, God communicated his will to Israel through the law, prophecies, and psalms. In the new covenant, the Word of God has its clearest expression through the revelation of Jesus (Rev. 19:13). See entry for Word of God.

(b) Scripture cannot be broken. In other words, “Don’t try and wriggle your way out of this by changing scripture.”


John 10:40

And He went away again beyond the Jordan to the place where John was first baptizing, and He was staying there.

The place. When Jesus’ life was threatened in Jerusalem, he went to the place he had been water baptized. John baptized people at Bethabara, which was also known as Bethany-beyond-the-Jordan (John 1:28). This place should not be confused with the Bethany of Martha and Mary which was near Jerusalem.


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