Jesus, therefore, six days before the Passover, came to Bethany where Lazarus was, whom Jesus had raised from the dead.
Lazarus of Bethany was a dear friend of Jesus (John 11:3, 36).
took the branches of the palm trees and went out to meet Him, and began to shout, “Hosanna! BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD, even the King of Israel.”
The King of Israel. Many people in scripture recognized Jesus as a king. These people included the magi (Matt. 2:2), the disciples (Luke 19:38), the palm-waving people of Jerusalem (John 12:13), Paul and Silas (Acts 17:7), the angel Gabriel (Luke 1:32-33), and the seventh angel (Rev. 11:15). However, during his earthly ministry, Jesus rarely referred to himself in such royal terms (see verse 15).
“FEAR NOT, DAUGHTER OF ZION; BEHOLD, YOUR KING IS COMING, SEATED ON A DONKEY’S COLT.”
(a) The daughter of Zion is a poetic name for Jerusalem (Is. 10:32, Zec. 9:9).
Historically, Zion was a hilltop fortress captured by David and renamed the City of David (2 Sam. 5:6–7). The hill became the heart of the city of Jerusalem (Ps. 135:21).
(b) Behold, your king. This was one of those rare occasions where Jesus referred to himself as a king. See entry for Matt. 21:5.
“He who loves his life loses it, and he who hates his life in this world will keep it to life eternal.
(a) His life. There are two different words for life in this verse. The original word for the first life (psuchē) usually refers to soul-life. (The word psychology comes from the word psuchē.) It is the life we inherit from Adam. It is the life of the flesh.
(b) Loses it. Live for the appetites of the flesh and you will lose your true self. Run after the inferior pleasures of the world and you will lose your soul. What profit is that (Matt. 16:26)?
(c) Hates his life. To hate your life is to live without care and making no provisions for the flesh, not because you are ascetic, but because you have found a greater Supply. “Do not worry about your life (psuche) – your Father will take care of you” (Matt. 6:25).
(d) Life eternal. The original word for life (zoe) is commonly described as spirit life. This is the life that God has. When Jesus says he is the life, he is referring to zoe-life of the spirit (John 14:6). The eternal life we receive from God is not more of the same old thing but something completely new. See entry for New Life.
“Father, glorify Your name.” Then a voice came out of heaven: “I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again.”
(a) Father, glorify Your name. Before Jesus, no one called God Father. After Jesus, every Christian did. The name that Jesus wants glorified is not God but Father.
The first time Jesus called God “Father” in public, he said “Our Father in heaven” (Matt. 6:9). When you pray, you are not just praying to the Almighty Creator and the Ancient of Days. You are praying to our heavenly Father who cares for you and knows your needs (Matt. 6:31–32). Abba Father is the name of God who loves you as much as he loves Jesus (John 17:23).
(b) I have both glorified it. To glorify means to magnify, honor, and extol. Jesus says, “God, make your Father-heart widely known.” And the Father replies, “I’m doing it right now, through you Son.”
“Now judgment is upon this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out.
(a) Judgment is upon this world. It was payback time for the devil.
In Genesis 3 God warned the serpent that his head would be crushed by the Seed of the woman. In this passage the Seed (Jesus) announces that he has come to deliver on God’s promise.
(b) The ruler of this world. God gave the earth to Adam and Adam handed the keys to the devil. Ever since then Satan had been referred to as the ruler or god of this world (John 14:30, 16:11, 2 Cor. 4:4). But he was a usurper and now the true Lord of all had arrived to put him in his place.
(c) Cast out, condemned, and stripped of all power (John 16:11, Col. 2:15).
“And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself.”
(a) If I am lifted up from the earth in a crucifixion (see next verse).
(b) All men. Jews and Gentiles. Jesus was the Jewish Messiah, but his death was for all of us.
But He was saying this to indicate the kind of death by which He was to die.
The kind of death. Those who followed the vicious dealings of the Sanhedrin might have expected Jesus to buried under a barrage of stones, much as Stephen was (Acts 7:58). But Jesus foresaw a different kind of death, not one where he would be knocked down, but one where he would be lifted up on a cursed tree or cross (Gal. 3:13, 1 Pet. 2:24).
The crowd then answered Him, “We have heard out of the Law that the Christ is to remain forever; and how can You say, ‘The Son of Man must be lifted up’? Who is this Son of Man?”
The Law. The crowd is quoting from Psalm 89:36-37 or Isaiah 9:6-7 or Micah 4:7. The Psalms and the prophets do not form part of the Law of Moses or the Torah (the first five books of the Bible). The crowd is referring to the Hebrew Scriptures or the Old Testament. For similar examples, see John 10:34, 15:25, and 1 Cor. 14:21.
“I have come as Light into the world, so that everyone who believes in Me will not remain in darkness.
Light. The Light of the world and the Light of Life and the Light of men and the True Light are all names for Jesus (John 1:4, 9, 8:12, 9:5).
Adam’s fallen race lives in the valley of the shadow of death. Into this dark valley comes Jesus with the bright and shining revelation that God offers us a new life.
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- John 12:1
- John 12:13
- John 12:15
- John 12:25
- John 12:28
- John 12:31
- John 12:32
- John 12:33
- John 12:34
- John 12:46