John 2

John 2:1

On the third day there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there;

(a) The third day. The wedding took place on the third day which is to say it took place on a Tuesday.

Tuesdays were considered auspicious days for Jewish weddings because in the Creation week the third day is the only day where God said “it was good” twice (Gen. 1:10, 12). A Tuesday wedding also gave people time to prepare the food and travel after the preceding Sabbath, while leaving plenty of time to party before the following Sabbath. Jesus rose from the dead on the third day, thus the day also symbolizes the transformation of death into new life.

(b) Cana of Galilee was an obscure town whose location has been lost to history. It was possibly near Capernaum since Jesus and his mother went there afterwards (John 2:12). We know almost nothing about Cana other than the Son of God chose to begin his ministry there. Just as God chooses the weak and foolish things of the world to shame the wise and the strong (1 Cor. 1:27), Jesus chose an insignificant little village to first reveal his glory. Cana was also the hometown of the disciple Nathanael (John 21:2).

John 2:6

Now there were six stone waterpots set there for the Jewish custom of purification, containing twenty or thirty gallons each.

Jesus told the servants to fill six stone water jars (John 2:6). Six stone jars equates to more than 120 gallons of wine (or about 500 litres). The Jews used the water from these pots to wash themselves before eating (see Mark 7:3). The hosts had probably borrowed extra water pots from their neighbors to accommodate the wedding guests.

John 2:16

and to those who were selling the doves He said, “Take these things away; stop making My Father’s house a place of business.”

My Father; see entry for John 4:21.

The Grace Commentary is a work in progress with new content added regularly. Sign up for occasional updates below. Got something to say? Please use the Feedback page. To report typos or broken links on this page, please use the comment form below.

Leave a Reply