Lukas 1


Lukas 1:2

ligesom de blev overleveret til os af dem, der fra begyndelsen var øjenvidner og ordets tjenere,

(a) Ordets tjenere. Ligesom apostlene, der præsenterede sig selv som Jesu Kristi trælle (se indgang for Rom 1:1), Luke saw himself as a servant of the word. This has led to confusion among some believers. Am I a son or servant of God?

Jesus, the Son of God, took the form of a bondservant (Php. 2:7). He was not confused about his identity, but he was servant-hearted (Mark 10:45). Jesus is the Son who serves.

Similarly, when the apostles identify themselves as servants of Christ or servants of the word, they are saying, “We are the sons of God who serve in the manner in which Christ served,” meaning they served others (2 Cor. 4:5). They did not serve to curry favor with God, but to reveal the Servant-king to people. “For though I am free from all men, I have made myself a servant to all, so that I may win more” (1 Cor. 9:19).

Det er det samme med os. Selvom vi er frie i Kristus, vælger vi at tjene i Kristi navn, så denne verdens forældreløse børn og slaver kan lære deres Fader at kende, som elsker dem. Ligesom Kristus er vi sønnerne, der tjener.

Yderligere læsning: "Søn, tjener eller Guds ven?

(b) Ordet of God is revealed in the word of the kingdom (Matt. 13:19) or the word of the Christ (Rom. 10:17). It is revealed in the gospel of Jesus (Mark 1:1) and the gospel of grace (Acts 20:24). See indgang for Guds ord.


Lukas 1:3

det syntes også passende for mig, efter at have undersøgt alt omhyggeligt fra begyndelsen, at skrive det ud for dig i fortløbende rækkefølge, mest fremragende Theophilus;

Efter at have undersøgt alt omhyggeligt. Luke said he had a perfect understanding of what he wrote about (see Luke 1:3, KJV). A true Bible teacher has a good and full understanding of what he teaches, while a false teacher does not really understand what they are talking about (see 1 Tim. 1:6-7).


Lukas 1:5

I Herodes, konge af Judæa, var der en præst ved navn Zakarias, fra Abias afdeling; og han havde en Hustru af Arons Døtre, og hun hed Elisabet.

Herodes, konge af Judæa. Herodes var Herodes den Store (37–4 f.Kr.) var guvernør i Galilæa, før romerne udnævnte ham til konge af Judæa. Han var en af ​​de mest hensynsløse og ambitiøse politikere i Bibelen. Se indgang for Matt. 2:1.


Lukas 1:6

De var begge retfærdige i Guds øjne og vandrede ulastelig i alle Herrens befalinger og krav.

(a) retfærdig i Guds øjne. Before the cross, no one could be made righteous. The gift of righteousness had not been given and the “one act of righteousness” had not be done (Rom. 5:18). This is why Old Testament saints such as Abraham were credited with righteousness on account of their faith in God (see indgang for Rom. 4:3).

(b) Vandrer ulastelig i alle Herrens befalinger og krav. Zacharias and Elizabeth were model Jews who kept the law, but did this make them righteous before God? Although the Bible speaks of the righteousness found in the law (Rom. 10:4-5, Php. 3:6, 9), no one was ever justified by keeping the law (Gal. 3:11). To say that they were righteous because they kept the law is like saying Christ died for nothing (Gal. 2:21).

Zacharias and Elizabeth were counted righteous for the same reason that other pre-cross believers were counted righteous – on account of their faith in God. Although Zacharias was not as quick to believe the good news announced by the angel (Luke 1:18), the God who sees the end of all things knew that he would come right.


Lukas 1:19

Englen svarede og sagde til ham: "Jeg er Gabriel, som står for Guds åsyn, og jeg er udsendt for at tale til dig og bringe dig denne gode nyhed.

Jeg er blevet sendt for at tale med dig. The word of God or the word of the Lord can be conveyed via prophecies (2 Sam. 24:11, 1 Kgs. 14:18), dreams (Num. 12:6), visions (Gen. 15:1), the Law (Num. 36:5, Deu. 5:5, Is. 2:3), and angels (Luke 1:35). However, the primary way God reveals himself is through his Son. Jesus is the Word of God made flesh (John 1:14, Rev. 19:13).


Lukas 1:32

»Han vil være stor og kaldes Den Højestes Søn; og Gud Herren vil give ham hans fader Davids trone;

Tronen. The angel Gabriel was the first New Testament figure to recognize Jesus as a king, and the magi were a close second (Matt. 2:2). Others who recognized Jesus as a king included the disciples (Luke 19:38), the palm-waving people of Jerusalem (John 12:13), Paul and Silas (Acts 17:7), and the seventh angel (Rev. 11:15).

During his earthly ministry, Jesus rarely referred to himself in such royal terms (Matt. 21:5, 25:34, Mark 15:2, Luke 22:29-30, 23:3, John 18:36-37).


Lukas 1:34

Maria sagde til englen: "Hvordan kan det være, da jeg er jomfru?"

Jomfru. One of the central tenets of the Christian faith is the virgin birth. Jesus had no earthly father but was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born from the virgin Mary (Is. 7:14, Matt. 1:23). What is the significance of the virgin birth?

Den traditionelle forklaring er, at en jomfrufødsel betød, at Jesus ikke var plettet med Adams synd. Da han ikke havde en naturlig far, arvede Jesus ikke Adams syndige natur. Det er en ofte gentaget forklaring, men som ikke findes i skriften. Den sande betydning af jomfrufødslen er, at Jesus ikke blev født som slave, og kun en fri mand kan løskøbe en slave.

Se indgang til jomfrufødsel.


Lukas 1:35

Englen svarede og sagde til hende: "Helligånden vil komme over dig, og den Højestes kraft vil overskygge dig; og derfor skal det hellige barn kaldes Guds søn.

(a) Helligånden vil komme over dig. Mary var en surrogatmor ikke en biologisk mor.

Jesus is the eternal God, the Creator of all including Mary (John 1:1, Col 1:15–16). Just as Joseph contributed no DNA to Jesus, neither did Mary. She provided a womb, but no egg. The Holy Spirit overshadowed her and the result was a baby from heaven.

(b) Det hellige barn. One day, Mary was not pregnant; the next, “she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit” (Matt. 1:18, ESV). There is much mystery in this. How did the miracle of the Virgin Birth take place? We don’t know the how, but we know the Who. How did the Word become flesh? The Holy Spirit is the answer. “You have made him a little lower than God” (Ps. 8:5).

For most of us, life begins in the womb, but Jesus had no beginning. The Word who became flesh was with God when creation began (John 1:1). Jesus did not need a sperm donor or an egg donor. He needed a body, and that’s what the Holy Spirit provided. See indgang for Heb. 10:5.


Lukas 1:49

“For den Mægtige har gjort store ting for mig;
Og helligt er hans navn.

(a) Helligt er hans navn. Gud er selve definitionen af ​​hellig.

Hvis vi vil vide, hvad hellighed betyder, må vi se til Gud, som er hellig og hvis navn er hellig. At sige, at Gud er hellig, er at henvise til helheden, fylden, skønheden og det rigelige liv, der flyder over i Guddommen. Gud mangler intet. Han er ubrudt, ubeskadiget, ufalden, fuldstændig komplet og hel i sig selv. Han er den udelelige, fuldstændig selvforsynende, og billedet af perfektion.

When the angels sing “Holy is the Lord,” they are not admiring God for his rule-keeping or sin avoidance; they are marveling at the transcendent totality of his perfection (Is. 6:3). To worship God in the beauty of his holiness is to be awestruck by the infinite sweep and scale of his sublimity. It is to become lost in the limitless landscape of his loveliness.

God the Father is Holy (Luke 1:49, John 17:11, Rev. 4:8) and so are God the Son (Mark 1:24, Acts 2:27, 3:14, 4:27, 30) and God the Holy Spirit (Rom. 1:4).

Se indgang for Hellighed.


Lukas 1:53

”HAN HAR FYLDT DE SULTNE MED GODE TING;
Og sendte de rige tomhændede bort.

Gode ​​ting indgang for Heb. 10:1.


Lukas 1:54

"Han har hjulpet Israel, sin tjener,
Til minde om hans barmhjertighed,

(a) Han har givet hjælp. Life is too big for any of us to handle, but the good news is that God is our very great Helper (Deu. 33:26, John 14:16). “Because you are my help, I sing in the shadow of your wings” (Ps. 63:7).

Yderligere læsning: "Hvem er din hjælper?

(b) Hans barmhjertighed. To a nation burdened with the heavy yoke of law, the cry for mercy was never far away. The law makes us acutely aware of our shortcomings and needs. Mercy is God’s help in our time of need (Heb. 4:16).


Lukas 1:58

Hendes naboer og hendes slægtninge hørte, at Herren havde vist sin store barmhjertighed mod hende; og de glædede sig med hende.

(a) Stor barmhjertighed. Ligesom Gud har stor nåde (se indgang for Jas. 4:6), he has great mercy (1 Pet. 1:3). God is both rich in grace (Eph. 1:7, 2:7), and mercy (Eph. 2:4). His great mercy testifies to his great love for us (Eph. 2:4).

(b) Barmhjertighed viser medfølelse over for nødlidende. Se indgang for Barmhjertighed.


Lukas 1:69

Og har rejst et frelses horn for os
I hans tjener Davids hus—

Frelse. The original word means deliverance or rescue. Jesus is the great Deliverer who rescues us from our enemies (Luke 1:71). See indgang til frelse.


Lukas 1:71

Frelse FRA VORES FJENDER,
Og FRA HÅNDEN PÅ ALLE SOM HADER OS;

Frelse fra vores fjender. Our enemies include sin and the evils of the present age (Gal. 1:4). But our greatest enemy is death (1 Cor. 15:26). Jesus is the Savior who rescues our souls from death (Ps. 33:19, 116:8).


Lukas 1:77

At give sit folk viden om frelse
Ved deres synders tilgivelse,

(a) Viden om frelse comes when we know the Savior who sets us free from sin. As the angel said, Jesus “will save his people from their sins” (Matt.1:21). We are saved and set free when we realize our sins have been completely and eternally forgiven in accordance with the riches of his grace (Eph. 1:7).

(b) Tilgivelse. Det oprindelige ord (afese) for tilgivelse er et navneord, der nogle gange oversættes som eftergivelse og betyder at give slip eller afskedigelse (se indgang for Luke 24:47).

On the night he rose from the dead, Jesus told the disciples to preach the remission of sins or the good news of unconditional forgiveness (Luke 24:47). Because of his great love, God chooses to remember your sins no more (Heb. 8:12, 10:17), and he is no longer holding your sins and trespasses against you (2 Cor. 5:19). However, you will never experience his forgiveness unless you receive it by faith. Only in Christ do we have the forgiveness of sins (Eph. 1:7, Col. 1:14).

Frelse fremstår ofte for os som syndernes forladelse, men frelse er meget mere end tilgivelse. Ordet, der almindeligvis oversættes som undtagen i Bibelen (sozo), means to deliver, protect, heal, preserve, and make whole. It covers not only salvation, but healing, deliverance, and prosperity. God does not merely forgive us of our sins; he provides everything we need for health and wholeness today (Eph. 1:3, 2 Pet. 1:3). See indgang til frelse.


Lukas 1:78

På grund af vor Guds milde barmhjertighed,
Med hvilken Solopgangen fra det høje vil besøge os,

Øm barmhjertighed. Mercy is one facet of God’s grace (Heb. 4:16). Mercy is how grace appears to the needy.

Just as we are saved by grace (Eph. 2:5), we are saved by mercy (Tit. 3:5). Just as we are forgiven by grace (Eph. 1:7), we are forgiven by mercy (Matt. 18:33, Luke 1:77, Heb. 8:12). See indgang for Barmhjertighed.


Grace Commentary er et igangværende arbejde med nyt indhold tilføjet regelmæssigt. Tilmeld dig for lejlighedsvise opdateringer nedenfor. Har du noget at sige? Brug venligstFeedbackside. For at rapportere tastefejl eller ødelagte links på denne side, bedes du bruge kommentarformularen nedenfor.

% d bloggere som denne: