1 Johannes 1:1
Hvad var fra begyndelsen, hvad vi har hørt, hvad vi har set med vores øjne, hvad vi har set på og rørt ved med vore hænder, om livets ord –
(en) Fra begyndelsen. John was with Jesus from the beginning of his ministry (Matt. 4:21). He was one of the Lord’s closest friends.
The “from the beginning” phrase appears seven times in John’s first epistle and twice in his second epistle. John has at least three beginnings in mind. Here in 1 John 1:1 “the beginning” refers to the beginning of John’s experience with Jesus. Elsewhere “the beginning” refers to the first time you heard about Jesus or his message (1 John 2:7, 24, 3:11, 2 John 1:5, 6). And sometimes “the beginning” refers to the beginning of time (1 John 2:13–14, 3:8).
(b) Hvad vi har hørt, hvad vi har set... hvad vi har set på. John is establishing his bona fides as a witness of what he is about to discuss, namely the good news of Jesus Christ. John heard and saw the Lord’s ministry. He witnessed his death, resurrection, and glorious ascension. Unlike the many false prophets who have gone out preaching a false message (1 John 4:1), John is a credible witness. He was there.
(c) Hvad vi har rørt ved. John was part of a small group of people who physically touched the Risen Lord (Luke 24:39). John is refuting the Gnostic view that the material world was evil and a spiritual God would have nothing to do with it. Jesus was fully human. He had a physical body. Anyone who said Jesus was not from God or had not come in the flesh was a deceiver and an antichrist (1 John 4:3, 2 John 1:7).
(d) Livets Ord is the Word of God and the Word made flesh (John 1:1, 14). Jesus is the Word or the Message or the Revelation of God (Rev. 19:13). Just as we reveal ourselves by what we say, God reveals himself in Jesus (Heb. 1:3).
1 Johannes 1:2
og livet blev åbenbaret, og vi har set og vidner og forkynder for jer det evige liv, som var hos Faderen og blev åbenbaret for os –
(en) Blev manifesteret. Jesus, som tidligere var hos Gud i himlen, "blev åbenbaret for os" på jorden. Med andre ord: "Jesus, Livets Ord viste sig, og vi (apostle) hørte ham og så ham med vores egne ører og øjne."
(b) Evigt liv is not merely endless life; eternal life is divine life. It is Christ’s glorious life as opposed to the broken short-lived disease-ridden life we inherited from Adam. Eternal life is not something we receive in the future, but something we can have now (1 John 5:13). And where do we find this life? “This life is in the Son” (1 John 5:11). He who has the Son has life (1 John 5:12). Throughout John’s writings, Jesus is synonymous with eternal life (1 John 5:20). You can’t have one without the other.
Se indgang til nyt liv.
(c) Faderen. God is not just the Maker of heaven and earth; he is the Father of the Son and all who believe (1 John 2:1). “God is our Father.” This was a stunning revelation when Jesus first said it, but John bought into it completely. More than a dozen times in this short epistle he reminds us that the Almighty is our Father.
1 Johannes 1:3
hvad vi har set og hørt, forkynder vi også jer, for at også I kan have fællesskab med os; og vort fællesskab er sandelig med Faderen og med hans Søn Jesus Kristus.
(en) Hvad vi har set og hørt, forkynder vi jer. Du behøver ikke en grad eller års studier for at være et vidne for Jesus. Alt du behøver er at fortælle andre, hvad du har set og hørt. Fortæl dem, hvad Herren har gjort for dig.
(b) So that you too may have fellowship. In these opening verses, John is addressing a general audience that includes unbelievers who are walking in darkness (1 John 1:6) and who do not have the truth in them (1 John 1:8). He writes so that they may come to the Father and his Son Jesus Christ. He is saying, “Get plugged into Jesus because that’s where the life is” (1 John 4:9).
(c) Fællesskab (koinonia) literally means partnership or participation. It is a word that describes the life lived in spiritual union with the Lord and each other. You weren’t made to be alone. You were designed to live out of your connection with the Author of Life. Through people like John, God invites all of us to come to him to be made whole and partake in his blessed life.
When Jesus said, “I am the vine; you are the branches,” he was giving us the secret for abundant life (John 15:5). Real life is found in living out of our connection with the Author of Life. In union with the Lord we experience the freedom to know and be known, to give and receive, to love and be loved.
(d) Fellowship with us means more than going to church. Koinonia-fellowship is about living fully out of our connection with Christ and his body. It’s the authentic sense of community that comes from having our hearts knitted together in love (Col. 2:2).
(e) Fellowship with the Father and Son brings acceptance, intimacy, righteousness, holiness eternal life, and all the blessings and privileges of heaven. Those who are one with the Lord lack no good thing.
Yderligere læsning: "The many benefits of union.”
1 Johannes 1:4
Dette skriver vi, for at vor glæde kan blive fuldkommen.
(en) Disse ting skriver vi. John wrote at least three epistles, one Gospel, and the Book of Revelation.
(b) Vores glæde. Engang havde John været fisker. Så mødte han Jesus og blev en menneskefisker. Ligesom en fiskers glæde er at fange fisk, er Johannes glæde at vinde sjæle for Jesus.
But John was not just a catcher of fish; he was also a mender of nets, and this is what he was doing when Jesus first met him (Matt. 4:21). John’s joy was to mend the church nets, so to speak, to ensure that those who heard the gospel would not be lured away by false prophets and deceivers (1 John 4:1). This is why he rejoiced to see his spiritual children walking in the truth (3 John 1:4).
1 Johannes 1:5
Dette er det budskab, vi har hørt fra ham og forkynder for jer, at Gud er lys, og i ham er der overhovedet intet mørke.
(en) Beskeden vi har hørt fra ham. Johannes' budskab kom direkte fra Jesus. Det var ikke noget, han opfandt eller hørte brugt.
(b) Announce to you. The gospel is not a job advertisement but an announcement.
(c) God is Light. The shadowless God is good to you all the time. His face is always shining upon you in love. He loves you so much that he sent his Son to rescue you (1 John 4:10).
(d) In him there is no darkness at all. God does not bring darkness into your life for a season. He will never take your job or your kids or give you sickness. Everything he does and gives is good and perfect (Jas. 1:17).
(e) Mørke is a metaphor for evil and sin and anything untouched by the Light of the World. Any place the good news of Jesus is not heard remains in darkness.
1 Johannes 1:6
Hvis vi siger, at vi har fællesskab med ham og alligevel vandrer i mørket, lyver vi og praktiserer ikke sandheden;
(en) Hvis vi siger. We may tell ourselves all sorts of things, but the beliefs and intentions of our hearts are revealed by what we do (1 John 2:4, 9).
(b) Vi har fællesskab; se indgang for 1 John 1:3.
(c) To walk in the darkness is to reject the light and love of God. It’s refusing to trust in the Savior. It’s pretending we are fine and have no need of grace (1 John 1:8). It’s living for yourself and having no love for others (1 John 2:9).
(d) Vi lyver. Those who walk in darkness while claiming to know the One who is light are deceiving themselves. They may think they are good people, but if they don’t know the Father’s love they are lost.
(e) Do not practice the truth. They do not abide in the grace of Jesus. John is not talking about believers who know the truth (1 John 2:21), but those who do not know Jesus.
1 Johannes 1:7
Men hvis vi vandrer i lyset, som han selv er i lyset, har vi fællesskab med hinanden, og Jesu, hans søns blod renser os fra al synd.
(en) Hvis vi går i lyset. Only those who know the Light of the world can walk in the light. “Whoever follows me will have the light of life and will never walk in darkness” (John 8:12). Just as the sun does not shine at night, the believer cannot walk in darkness.
John siger ikke, at vi kan fremstille lys. Han siger, at der er to slags mennesker; dem, der vandrer i lyset (fordi de har livets lys) og dem, der ikke gør det (fordi de ikke har noget fællesskab med Gud, som er lys; se vers 5).
(b) Vi har fællesskab med hinanden. Nogle siger, at vi skal gå rigtigt for at bevare fællesskabet med Herren, men Johannes taler om vores fællesskab eller forhold med hinanden. Sand forbindelse er kun mulig, når vi elsker hinanden med den ubetingede kærlighed, som Kristus viste os.
(c) Jesu blod. Du bliver ikke tilgivet eller renset, fordi du går rigtigt eller gennemgår dine synder og mangler. Du er ren, fordi Jesu blod renser dig og fortsætter med at rense dig.
(d) renser os fra al synd. Det er troløst at tro, at Jesu blod renser os kun for en vis synd. "Jesus reddede mig, men nu er det op til mig at bevare min frelse." Al synd betyder al synd, past, present, and future. There is no sin Jesus did not carry.
When you sin, don’t heed the voice of condemnation; listen to Jesus who speaks for you (1 John 2:1). When you are reminded of something you did, remember what Jesus did. When the accuser points to your faults, point to Jesus by whose blood you have been washed whiter than snow (Rev. 12:11). His blood has secured your eternal redemption (Heb. 9:12).
1 Johannes 1:8
Hvis vi siger, at vi ikke har nogen synd, bedrager vi os selv, og sandheden er ikke i os.
(en) Hvis vi siger, at vi ikke har nogen synd. Self-righteous people have convinced themselves they have no sin. “I’m basically a good person.” They are deceiving themselves, for the truth is we all fall short and none of us is righteous (Rom. 3:10, 23). We all need God’s grace.
Selvom læren fra det første århundredes gnosticisme er et spørgsmål om spekulation, er det sandsynligt, at gnostikerne var blandt dem, der hævdede ikke at have nogen synd.
(b) The Truth is another name for Jesus (John 14:6). It’s also a name for God the Father (1 John 5:20) and God the Holy Spirit (1 John 5:6) Truth is not a manmade construct but is defined by the One who is truth personified. Both grace and truth are fully realized in Jesus (John 1:17).
(c) The truth is not in us. Unbelievers are living in a false reality for their lives are disconnected from the One called Truth. John is not talking about Christians going through a bad patch, for the truth abides in us forever (2 John 1:2).
When reading the Bible, it’s important to identify the audience. John’s letter would have been widely circulated. It would have been heard by all kinds of people. Here in the first chapter, John is speaking to those who are disconnected from Christ (verse 3), are walking in darkness (verse 6) and do not have the truth in them (verse 8). Even though he uses words like we and us, he is inviting unbelievers to put their faith in God. At the start of the next chapter, he will shift his attention to believers or the children of God.
1 Johannes 1:9
Hvis vi bekender vores synder, er han trofast og retfærdig til at tilgive os vores synder og rense os fra al uretfærdighed.
(en) Hvis vi bekender vores synder does not mean going to confession or reviewing our sins one by one in the hope of meriting forgiveness, for that would be tantamount to preaching salvation by works, and dead works at that. We are not saved by confessing sins but by confessing Jesus is Lord (Rom. 10:9).
Ordet tilstå betyder at være enig i eller sige det samme som en anden. I sammenhæng er det at indrømme, at "Jeg er en synder", hvilket er modsvaret til "Jeg har ingen synd" i det foregående vers. Den eneste betingelse for at modtage Guds tilgivelse og nåde er at indrømme dit behov for det. Spørg og du skal modtage.
Remember, John is speaking about people who are disconnected from God. They have no fellowship with the Father or the Son (1 John 1:3). They have not received the free gift of forgiveness because they don’t believe they need it (1 John 1:8). Having told them the bad news—“you are deceiving yourselves”—he now tells them the good news: “Admit your need for forgiveness and you shall have it!” And how many times do we need to do this? Once is enough. The moment we confess our need for Jesus we are cleansed from all unrighteousness.
Tilgivelse er ikke noget, vi tjener gennem vores bekendelseshandlinger; det er en gave, vi modtager ved tro (se indgang for Acts 13:38). In Christ, we have the forgiveness of sins (Col. 1:14). In him, you are completely and eternally forgiven according to the riches of his grace (Eph. 1:7).
Desværre kaprer nogle dette vers for at fordømme dem, som Kristus har forløst. De siger ting som "Du er nødt til at bekende dine synder for at forblive tilgivet eller bevare fællesskabet med Herren." Det er derfor, vi skal læse alt, hvad John siger. Du er blevet renset fra al synd by the blood of Jesus (1 John 1:7). You have been 100% forgiven on “account of his name” (1 John 2:12). Jesus has done it all!
Se indgang for Confession.
(b) Han er trofast og retfærdig til at tilgive os vore synder. God does not forgive us because we are good, but because he is good. He is the faithful and righteous One who loves us in our sin (1 John 2:2) and sends his Son to save us (1 John 4:14). Forgiveness is a done deal—Jesus will never return to the cross—but you will never experience God’s forgiveness unless you receive it by faith.
(c) Og for at rense os fra al uretfærdighed. Alt betyder alt. Johannes' budskab handler om total og fuldstændig tilgivelse.
Some use the words of 1 John 1:9 to preach dead works, as in we must confess to make ourselves righteous. That is not what John is saying. Jesus is the Righteous One (1 John 2:1) and it is his righteousness that God freely offers us by grace (Rom. 1:17). The good news of 1 John 1:9 is that God’s grace is greater than your worst sin. The blood of Jesus cleanses you from alle uretfærdighed.
Some also say that we must confess our sins and keep short accounts to maintain fellowship with the Lord. John says nothing of the kind here (or anywhere). While being open and honest about our mistakes is healthy in any relationship, God’s love is not for sale, and his fellowship is not purchased through confession. God has promised to never leave you or forsake you (Heb. 13:5). His Spirit or truth abides with you forever (John 14:16, 2 John 1:2).
Yderligere læsning: "Sund vs usund tilståelse”
1 Johannes 1:10
Hvis vi siger, at vi ikke har syndet, gør vi ham til en løgner, og hans ord er ikke i os.
(en) Hvis vi siger. Johannes taler ikke om kristne, men selvretfærdige vantro, der tror, de er uden synd. "Jeg er grundlæggende et godt menneske." Han gentager, hvad han har sagt i vers 8, men med en vigtig tilføjelse...
(b) Vi gør ham til en løgner. Someone who says, “I have no need of grace” is essentially calling God a liar (1 John 5:10). They are blaspheming or slandering the Holy Spirit who seeks to convince them of their need for Jesus (Matt. 12:32). They put themselves beyond help because they don’t want help.
(c) His word is not in us. Jesus is the Word of God and the Word of Life who gives meaning to life (1 John 1:1, 2:14). Jesus is the word (verse 10), the truth (verse 8), the light (verse 5) and the life (verse 1) that unbelievers lack.
Yderligere læsning: "Hvad er den utilgivelige synd?”
Grace Commentary er et igangværende arbejde med nyt indhold tilføjet regelmæssigt. Tilmeld dig for lejlighedsvise opdateringer nedenfor. Har du et forslag? Brug venligstFeedbackside. For at rapportere tastefejl eller ødelagte links på denne side, bedes du bruge kommentarformularen nedenfor.
- 1 Johannes 1:1
- 1 Johannes 1:2
- 1 Johannes 1:3
- 1 Johannes 1:4
- 1 Johannes 1:5
- 1 Johannes 1:6
- 1 Johannes 1:7
- 1 Johannes 1:8
- 1 Johannes 1:9
- 1 Johannes 1:10