Mark 15


Markus 15:1

Tidligt om morgenen holdt ypperstepræsterne med de ældste og de skriftkloge og hele Rådet straks et samråd; og bandt Jesus, førte de ham bort og overgav ham til Pilatus.

(a) Tidligt om morgenen; Jesus blev arresteret sent om natten, muligvis omkring midnat, og stillet for rådet i de små timer om morgenen. Dette illustrerer, hvor langt de gik for at holde deres falske retssag hemmelig (se indgang for Matt. 26:57).

(b) Thele Rådet was the 70-man Sanhedrin that governed Israel. This council was divided into two parties, the Sadducees and Pharisees (Acts 23:6), and was composed of the nation’s chief priests, elders and scribes. Instead of holding their sham trial in their usual chambers in the temple, they met in the court or hall of the palace of the high priest (Matt. 26:58).

(c) De førte ham væk til Pontius Pilatus, den romerske guvernør i Judæa. Ypperstepræsterne havde gode grunde til at ønske, at Rom skulle være medpartnere i henrettelsen af ​​Jesus (se indgang for John 18:31).

(d) Pilatus. Pontius Pilatus var guvernør eller præfekt ansvarlig for den romerske provins Judæa. Han var normalt bosiddende i kystbyen i Cæsarea og kom til Jerusalem til højtiderne for at bevare freden og forvalte retfærdighed. Se indgang for Luke 3:1.


Markus 15:2

Pilatus spurgte ham: "Er du jødernes konge?" Og han svarede ham: "Det er, som du siger."

Er du jødernes konge? The religious leaders wanted to kill Jesus because he claimed to be the Son of God (John 19:7), but such a claim would hardly trouble the Romans. To interest the governor, the Sanhedrin had to sell the case as one of sedition. They had to portray Jesus as a political threat, hence “This man claims to be a king” (John 19:21).


Markus 15:3

Ypperstepræsterne begyndte at anklage ham hårdt.

Begyndte at anklage ham; se indgang for Matt. 27:12.


Markus 15:4

Så spurgte Pilatus ham igen og sagde: "Svarer du ikke? Se, hvor mange anklager de rejser mod dig!"

Mange afgifter, men ingen beviser. Ypperstepræsterne havde ingen vidner, der vidnede om et oprørsk komplot, og Jesu tilhængere havde ikke deltaget i noget oprør.


Markus 15:5

Men Jesus svarede ikke mere; så Pilatus var forbløffet.

Jesus havde ingen interesse i hverken at reagere på grundløse anklager eller undgå sin date med korset. Pilatus, som sandsynligvis havde set forbrydere tigge om deres liv, var forbløffet over Jesu tilbageholdenhed.


Markus 15:6

Nu ved festen plejede han at frigive for dem enhver fange, som de bad om.

This custom seems to have been a Roman innovation. Although Pilate says it’s the Jews’ custom (John 18:39), the practice of releasing criminals is not recorded in the law and seems contrary to the demands of justice. More likely the Romans introduced the practice when they colonized Judea, perhaps as a conciliatory gesture towards those who felt they had been mistreated by harsh Roman law.


Markus 15:7

Manden ved navn Barabbas var blevet fængslet sammen med de oprørere, der havde begået mord under opstanden.

Barabbas was “a notorious prisoner” and the sort of criminal Rome feared (Matt. 27:16). Pilate would not have wanted to release him.

Barabbas eller Bar-Abbas betyder søn af faderen. Dette usædvanlige navn har ført til alle mulige spekulationer. Var Barabbas et øgenavn for et uægte eller faderløst barn? Var han søn af en rabbiner? Var hans navn en ond parodi på Faderens sande søn?

Nogle kirkefædre bemærkede, at i tidlige manuskripter blev Barabbas' fornavn identificeret som Jesus. Hvis det er tilfældet, kan hans navn være blevet fjernet af kristne afskrivere, som ikke var villige til at ære en morder med samme navn som verdens Frelser (kilde: Adam Clarke).

Since there were two Jesuses on trial, Pilate identifies the rebel by referring to his last name. So one way to read his words in Matthew 27:17 would be; “Do you want me to release Jesus who is called Barabbas, or Jesus who is called Christ?”


Markus 15:8

Folkemængden gik op og begyndte at bede ham om at gøre, som han havde været vant til at gøre for dem.

Som han havde været vant til; se indgang for Mark 15:6.


Markus 15:9

Pilatus svarede dem og sagde: "Vil I have, at jeg skal løslade for jer jødernes konge?"

(a) Pilatus svarede dem. In movie portrayals, Pilate is often portrayed as aloof from the seething Jewish crowd. But Pilate was afraid of the angry mob (John 19:8). The chief priests said that if Pilate released Jesus, he was no friend of Caesar (John 19:12). This was Pilate’s weakness. As a career man, answerable to a bureaucracy that had little tolerance for chaos and disorder, Pilate could ill afford to be on the wrong side of Caesar.

(b) Jødernes konge. Pilate tried to diminish the threat Jesus by scourging him and presenting him as a broken torture victim. “Behold, the man” (John 19:5). When that scheme failed, he ironically embraced the charge brought by the Jews. “Behold, your king!” (John 19:14).


Markus 15:10

For han vidste, at ypperstepræsterne havde overgivet ham på grund af misundelse.

Misundelse virker for mildt et ord til at beskrive Sanhedrinets bitre jalousi. De religiøse ledere følte sig truet af Jesus. Hans budskab om kærlighed og den frie gunst fra en Fader, der tilgiver fortabte børn, udfordrede deres system af frygt-baseret kontrol. Deres magt kom fra intimidering og truslen om straf, men Jesus satte mennesker fri. For at bevare deres stramme tøjler over folket måtte Jesus stoppes.

Yderligere læsning: "10 måder, hvorpå religion er dårligt for dig. "


Markus 15:11

Men ypperstepræsterne ophidsede skaren til at bede ham om at frigive Barabbas for dem i stedet for.

Ophidsede mængden. Hvordan overbeviste ypperstepræsterne en hob af religiøse jøder til at råbe om løsladelsen af ​​en berygtet forbryder? De gjorde det ved at fremstille Jesus som en gudsbespotter (se indgang for John 19:7).


Markus 15:12-13

Pilatus svarede igen og sagde til dem: "Hvad skal jeg så gøre med ham, som I kalder jødernes konge?" De råbte tilbage: "Korsfæst ham!"

Korsfæst ham! Den samme by, der råbte "Hosanna" i søndags, råbte "Korsfæst ham!" på fredag. Men vi kan ikke bebrejde folket for at være ustadige. Det var deres ledere, der overtalte dem til at ændre deres melodi.


Markus 15:14

Men Pilatus sagde til dem: "Hvorfor, hvad ondt har han gjort?" Men de råbte endnu mere: "Korsfæst ham!"

(a) Hvilket ondt har han gjort? Again and again Pilate asked for evidence of some crime and again and again he judged Jesus to be innocent of all charges (Luke 23:22). By all the rules of evidence and due process, Jesus must be released.

(b) Men de råbte endnu mere. Religiøse fanatikere er ikke så let at afskrække. Deres trick med at fremstille Jesus som en trussel mod Rom var blevet til ingenting, men Kajfas og ypperstepræsterne var ikke ved at give op. ”Hvis vi ikke kan overbevise Pilatus om, at Jesus er en trussel mod stabiliteten, må vi vise ham. Opflamme pøblen!"


Markus 15:15

Idet han ønskede at tilfredsstille skaren, løslod Pilatus Barabbas for dem, og efter at have fået Jesus pisket, overgav han ham til at blive korsfæstet.

(a) Ønsker at tilfredsstille mængden. The mood of the crowd turned ugly and Pilate became alarmed (John 19:8). Every time Pilate spoke to Jesus, he resolved to set him free. But when he returned to the cauldron of the courtyard, his resolve wilted under the demonic intimidation emanating from the mob. Eventually, he caved.

(b) Barabbas; se indgang for Matt. 27:16.

(c) Pisket. Jesus experienced three severe beatings on this day: (1) he was beaten while in custody and awaiting trial before the Sanhedrin (Luke 22:63), (2) he was beaten after his trial (Matt. 26:67, Mark 14:65), and (3) he was scourged and beaten by the Roman soldiers in the Praetorium (Mark 15:19). The third beating was arguably the worst for not everyone survived the brutal Roman scourge.


Markus 15:16

Soldaterne tog ham med ind i paladset (det vil sige prætoriet), og de samlede hele den romerske kohorte.

(a) Prætoriet was the hall or residence of the governor when he was visiting Jerusalem. Sometimes translated as palace, this residence could have been part of Herod the Great’s massive palace or it may have been part of the fort or Tower of Antonia where the Roman soldiers were barracked. Given the nearby presence of the Roman cohort (Matt. 27:27), it was likely the latter.

(b) Hele den romerske kohorte. En romersk kohorte er en tiendedel af en legion eller omkring 500 soldater.


Markus 15:17

De klædte ham i purpur, og efter at have snoet en tornekrone, satte de den på ham;

(a) Lilla was the color of royalty. The robe may have come from Pilate’s wardrobe or it could have been the elegant robe with which Herod dressed Jesus (Luke 23:11). Jesus had been mocked by Herod and his soldiers, and the Roman soldiers continued this mockery.

(b) En krans el tornekrone blev sat på hovedet og et sivlignende scepter lagt i hånden for at latterliggøre den, der hævdede at være konge.


Markus 15:25

Det var den tredje time, da de korsfæstede ham.

Den tredje time. In Jewish reckoning this means the third hour after sunrise. So Jesus was crucified mid-morning. However, John records that Jesus was sentenced in the sixth hour or mid-day (John 19:14). For those of us used to measuring time in hours and minutes, this apparent discrepancy can lead to all sorts of chronological gymnastics. However, the most plausible conclusion is that Jesus was crucified sometime between mid- and late-morning. Further reading: “Langfredag ​​tidslinje. "


Markus 15:26

Indskriften på anklagen mod ham lød: "JØDERNES KONGE."

It was the custom to put a written notice of the charge on the crosses of condemned criminals. This notice, which appeared in three languages (John 19:20), irritated members of the Sanhedrin (John 19:21).


Markus 15:31

På samme måde hånede også ypperstepræsterne ham sammen med de skriftkloge indbyrdes og sagde: "Han frelste andre; Han kan ikke frelse sig selv.

Ypperstepræsterne. Nogle medlemmer af det regerende råd, efter at have dømt Jesus til døden i de tidlige timer, fulgte ham til korset for at håne ham i hans lidelse.


Markus 15:32

"Lad nu denne Kristus, Israels konge, komme ned fra korset, så vi kan se og tro!" De, der blev korsfæstet med ham, fornærmede ham også.

(a) Israels konge. Ordet konge betød forskellige ting for forskellige mennesker. For de religiøse ledere var det synonymt med Kristus eller Messias. For Pilatus og de politiske myndigheder betød det, at han var en potentiel trussel mod Rom.

(b) Vi kan se og tro. The chief priests said that if Jesus came down from the cross they would believe in him. It was a jest but a prophetic one. After Jesus rose from the dead a great many priests put their faith in him (Acts 6:7). Jesus always has the last word.


Markus 15:33

Da den sjette time kom, faldt mørket over hele landet indtil den niende time.

(a) Den sjette time. As measured from dawn, the sixth hour is noon. Darkness covered the land from mid-day to mid-afternoon, when Jesus died. Darkness fell because the sun was obscured (Luke 23:45).

(b) Mørket faldt på; se indgang for Matt. 27:45.

(c) Hele landet. Scholars debate whether this means Judea or the whole earth. It could be the latter. The God who blanketed Egypt with darkness for three days (Ex. 10:22), would have no trouble shading the earth for three hours.


Markus 15:38

Og templets forhæng blev revet i to fra top til bund.

Ttemplets slør was a four-inch thick curtain that divided the Holy Place from the innermost Holy of Holies in the temple (Ex. 26:33). The veil was parted once a year on the Day of Atonement to allow the high priest to enter (Heb. 9:7). The supernatural tearing of the veil that coincided with the death of Jesus signified that the way to God had been permanently opened.


Mark 15:39

When the centurion, who was standing right in front of Him, saw the way He breathed His last, he said, “Truly this man was the Son of God!”

The Son of God. The centurion was among a select group of people who recognized that Jesus is the Son of God. Others who had this revelation include John the Baptist (John 1:34), Nathanael (John 1:49), and Martha (John 11:27). The angel Gabriel (Luke 1:35) and various demons also recognized that Jesus was the Son of God (Matt. 8:29, Mark 3:11, Luke 4:41). Jesus is the Christ (the anointed one), and the Lord (supreme above all), but ultimately Jesus is the Son of God. See indgang for John 20:31.


Markus 15:40

Der var også nogle kvinder, der så på på afstand, blandt dem var Maria Magdalene og Maria, mor til Jakob den Mindre og Joses, og Salome.

(a) Nogle kvinder. Matthew records that “many women” were present at the crucifixion (Matt. 27:55). At least four of these women witnesses are identified in the Gospels and three of them were named Mary. (In addition to the two Marys listed here, John records the presence of Mary, the mother of Jesus (John 19:25).)

(b) Mary Magdalene; se indgang for Luke 8:2.

(c) Mary the mother of James and Joseph was likely also the wife of Clopas (John 19:25). According to Catholic and Orthodox traditions, Clopas was the young brother of Jesus’ father Joseph. If so, Mary was Jesus’ aunt on his father’s side.

(d) James the Less. There are five men named James in the New Testament and two of them had brothers called Joses (or Joseph) and mothers called Mary. Jesus had brothers called James and Joses (Mark 6:3), but this James was probably his cousin. “The Less” was probably a nickname, as in Little James.

(e) Joses or Joseph. There were at least two men called Joses in the New Testament. This one was probably a cousin of Jesus; the other was a brother of Jesus (Mark 6:3).

(f) Salome var muligvis søster til Jesu mor Maria. I så fald var hun Jesu tante på hans mors side (se indgang for Matt. 27:56).


Markus 15:41

Da han var i Galilæa, plejede de at følge ham og tjene ham; og der var mange andre kvinder, som drog op med ham til Jerusalem.


Markus 15:42

Da aftenen allerede var kommet, fordi det var forberedelsesdagen, det vil sige dagen før sabbatten,

(a) Forberedelsesdag er fredag, dagen før sabbatten. Langfredag ​​var dobbelt speciel, da den faldt sammen med påsken og gik forud for de usyrede brøds højtid, der begyndte på sabbatten (se indgang for John 19:31).

(b) Siden sabbatten began at sunset, the Jews were eager to have the bodies removed from the crosses (John 19:31).


Markus 15:43

Josef af Arimatæa kom, et fremtrædende medlem af Rådet, som selv ventede på Guds rige; og han tog Mod til sig og gik ind foran Pilatus og bad om Jesu Legeme.

(en) Josef af Arimatea was a dissenting member of the Sanhedrin who had not consented to their plan to kill Jesus (Luke 23:50-51).

(b) Samlede mod. It took incredible courage for a secret disciple of Jesus to face Pilate (John 19:38). A governor who ordered the execution of innocent men might not hesitate to crucify his followers.


Markus 15:44

Pilatus undrede sig over, om han var død på dette tidspunkt, og da han tilkaldte høvedsmanden, spurgte han ham om, hvorvidt han allerede var død.

Pilatus spekulerede på, om han var død. Pilate’s surprise is understandable. A crucifixion was meant to provide a prolonged and agonizing death. Those who hung on crosses could live for more than a day, but Jesus died within hours. His death was not the direct result of the crucifixion, but his yielding up his spirit (Matt. 27:50). No one took Jesus’ life from him (John 10:18).


Markus 15:45

Og da han fik dette at vide fra høvedsmanden, skænkede han liget til Josef.

Centurionen was certain that Jesus was dead because the soldiers had pierced his side with a spear (John 19:34).


Markus 15:46

Josef købte et linnedklæde, tog ham ned, svøbte ham i linnedklædet og lagde ham i en grav, som var blevet hugget ud i klippen; og han rullede en Sten mod Indgangen til Graven.

The burial of Jesus was done in haste. Jesus’ body was still on the cross at around 3pm (Matt. 27:46), but wrapped and in the tomb before sunset at 7pm.


Markus 15:47

Maria Magdalene og Maria, Joses' mor, så på for at se, hvor han blev lagt.

(a) Mary Magdalene; se indgang for Luke 8:2.

(b) Mary the mother of Joses was also the mother of James (see indgang for Mark 15:40).

(c) To see. The women saw where Jesus was buried, but as it was late in the day and close to the Sabbath, they did not have time to anoint the body. Their plan was to return immediately after the Sabbath.


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